Bruno Petroni Taveira
ECONOMICS AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF TOURISMSubject: Introduction to Hospitality, Tourism and Events
Student Name: Bruno Petroni Taveira
Student Number: 00069970TLecturer: Trish Powers
Ruschmann Doris (1993) states: "The impacts of tourism relate to the range of modifications orsequence of events, caused by the process of tourism development in localities receivers."
Tourism is an important source for growth and development of a country'seconomy,
particularly for countries with tourist potential.
• POSITIVE IMPACTS
Employment generation; the tourism industry is an industry that depends largely on the human factor, so itfavors the creation of jobs.
Elevation of the cultural and professional levels;
Modification of the positive economic and social structure;
Attraction of skilled labourfrom other places;
It increases the production of goods and services;
Increases the demand for local products from fresh produce to crafts;
More tax revenue.• NEGATIVE IMPACTS
Seasonality of tourism;
Inflation and real estate speculation;
Excessive reliance on foreign investor capital;
Much of currency leaving the country (earnings ofmultinationals);
Over-dependence on tourism;
Unskilled labour in the area;
Increase in underemployment (e.g. street vendors)
SOCIAL IMPACT OF TOURISM
• POSITIVE IMPACTS:Improved quality of life of the local community (creation of infrastructure, health, education, housing ...);
Experiences with the visitors (cultures and different lifestyles);
Use of the local...