Charles Frederick Worth was the major reference for fashion throughout Europe, as the couture house most sophisticated of all the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In this scenario, Worth was considered the father of Haute Couture because with the focus on making custom, hand made in exclusive designs. He was the first to create a complete collection for each seasonwith luxury and refinement admired by many generations.
Charles Frederick Worth was born on November 13, 1826 in Bourne, Lincolnshire and died in 1895. He started working since early. When he was 20 years old he decided to move to Paris in search of more wealth, which took a job at a fabric store of high quality call Gagelin's. Later he met his future wife named Marie Vernet whoinspired him to draw some pieces of garment. The result was very positive making Gagelin offered him a space in your store. In 1848, Charles increasingly became a man of fashion. His manager sent some pieces of his clothes to the great exhibition at the Palacio de Cristal in London. Three years later, Worth and his wife accepted the partnership with the Swedish Otto Bobergh. They opened the house inParis called Bobergh Worth. One of the first customers belonging to high society was Princess Meternick, The Austrian Ambassador’s wife. After that the influence of Worth extended to the entire court of Napoleon III. Worth’s clothes were greatly appreciated by the women. He defined in simple terms the silhouette of woman. His clothes were very elegant and comfortable at the same time. In 1871 Worthalready contained about 1200 employees. In 1880 the fame and success of Worth grew a lot and he opened a studio to serve their clients. He was the first to use human mannequin for their customers so they could see the fit of the clothes. Another thing of Worth’s innovations was to sign their creations. For all these reasons he was considered the father of couture. Worth created the word seamstressand also was responsible for the introduction of a system of standardized parts, which could be used for various creations, as well as the sewing machines used to do the job faster and with quality.
His importance is related to the ideals of the Industrial Revolution, the fragmentation and specialization, the creation of associations and syndicates and to the introduction of recentlyinvented machinery. It is demonstrated that Worth established, by means of launching his own collections successively, the phenomenon of the fashion change and valuation of the new, as a consequence of the conspicuous consumption – which still happens these days.
Paul Poiret was the first fashion designer modern. Poiret began designing dresses while working in a factory of umbrellasin the mid-1890s. In 1898 he was hired as an apprentice for Jacques Doucet, who absorbed many of the strategies, which he used later like having their creations worn by famous actresses. The period between the end of the Nineteenth Century and World War is known as the Belle Epoque. In this scenery, two events began to inspire artists and designers. On the one hand the movement driven by the 2ndIndustrial Revolution always was looking for ways new materials and techniques available. On the other hand, a chain of paintings inspired by Japanese prints, which came the first time the French ports, and the influence of the Eastern world, which had recently called attention of European businessmen. At same time came the Impressionist Movement, which influenced the artists as well.
Inthe early twentieth century women wore lace, beads, ruffles. The corset was too tight forcing the woman's body. Generally lighter colors were used.
Paul Poiret was the first fashion designer modern. Poiret began designing dresses while working in a factory of umbrellas in the mid-1890s. In 1898 he was hired as an apprentice for Jacques Doucet, who absorbed many of the strategies, which he...