1. Who isCristobalBalenciaga?
Cristóbal Balenciaga Eisaguirre (January 21, 1895, Spain – March 23, 1972, Spain) was a Spanish Basque fashion designer and the founder of the Balenciaga fashion house.
Cristobal Balenciaga is acknowledged as the master of 20th century French haute couture. His timeless classics have hadincalculable influence over other designers and the clothing that all women have worn. Balenciaga is notable as one of the few couturiers in fashion history who could use their own hands to design, cut, and sew the models which symbolized the height of his artistry.
He has taught fashion design classes, inspiring other designers such as Oscar de la Renta, André Courrèges, Emanuel Ungaro, Mila Schön andHubert de Givenchy.
Cecil Beaton : "hailed him as Fashion’s Picasso. "
2.Howhebecamean Haute Couturier? (youtalkabout HIS HISTORY)
At the age of thirteen, he astounded the Marquise of Casa Torres with his comments on her elegance. Realising his interest in Couture and his aesthetic potential, she allowed him to make a copy of the Haute Couture clothing she was wearing. Trembling, he did hiswork so well that she awarded him by wearing it.
The following year he travelled to Paris. In a daze, he devoured the collections of Ducet, Worth, Drecoll and others.
Upon his return and at the age of sixteen, he opened his first Couture workshop in San Sebastian, where he adapted the Parisian Style for Spanish women.Year after year, the one they call the couturier (or couture??)of couturierscreated astonishment with his collections and the mastery of his cuts. He changed women's silhouettes.
Balenciaga defiantly resisted the rules, guidelines and bourgeoisie status of the Chambre, and, thus, was never a member. Although he is spoken of with immense reverence, technically, Balenciaga couture was never haute couture .
Cristóbal Balenciaga openedhis first boutique in San Sebastián, Spain, in 1914, which expanded to include branches in Madrid and Barcelona.He also build his first boutque here.The Spanish royal family and the aristocracy wore his designs, but when the Spanish Civil War forced him to close his stores, Balenciaga moved to Paris.
Balenciaga opened his Paris couture house on Avenue George V in August 1937, and his firstrunway show featured designs heavily influenced by the Spanish Renaissance.
In 1946,he launched his first perfume, "Le Dix",aptly after its first atelier, 10, Avenue George V. ‘Le Dix’ attracted the same acclaim as the famous Balenciaga couture pieces, and the perfume soon even rivalled that of Coco Chanel herself. In 1968, Balenciaga closed his couture house
However, it was not until the post-waryears that the full scale of the inventiveness of this highly original designer became evident. His lines became more linear and sleek, diverging from the hourglass shape popularized by Christian Dior's New Look.
Balenciaga was an innovator in his use of fabrics: he tended toward heavy fabrics, intricate embroidery, and boldmaterials. His trademarks included "collars that stood away from the collarbone to give a swanlike appearance" and shortened "bracelet" sleeves.
His daywear dresses, suits, and even hats were simple, practical and elegant. His evening designs allowed room for frivolity, using elaborate fabrics, heavy beading, feathers, and wide, puffy skirts.
"A couturier must be an architect for design, a sculptorfor shape, a painter for color, a musician for harmony, and a philosopher for temperance." Cristobal Balenciaga
6.Where does hisinspirations comes from?
Spanish Art — Balenciaga drew inspiration from the great artists of Spain: the atmospheric color palette of Goya, Velázquez’s portraits of courtiers and royalty, and the draped volumes of fabric in El Greco’s and Zurbarán’s haunting...