Madeleine Leininger was born on July 13, 1925 in Sutton, Nebraska. She earned several degrees, including a Doctor of Philosophy, a Doctor of HumanSciences, a Doctor of Science, and is a Registered Nurse. She is a Certified Transcultural Nurse, a Fellow of the Royal College of Nursing in Australia, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing.Madeleine Leininger's Contribution to Nursing Theory: Transcultural Nursing
Madeleine Leininger's theory of Transcultural Nursing, also known as Culture Care Theory, falls under both the category of aspecialty, as well as a general practice area. The theory has now developed into a discipline in nursing.
The Transcultural Nursing theory first appeared in Leininger's Culture Care Diversity andUniversality, published in 1991, but it was developed in the 1950s. The theory was further developed in her book Transcultural Nursing, which was published in 1995. In the third edition ofTranscultural Nursing, published in 2002, the theory-based research and the application of the Transcultural theory are explained.
Transcultural nursing is a study of cultures to understand both similaritiesand differences in patient groups. Culture is a set of beliefs held by a certain group of people, handed down from generation to generation.
In transcultural nursing, nurses practice according tothe patient's cultural considerations. It begins with a culturalogical assessment, which takes the patient's cultural background into consideration in assessing the patient and his or her health. Oncethe assessment is complete, the nurse should use the culturalogical assessment to create a nursing care plan that also takes the patient's cultural background into consideration.
There are manyreasons it's beneficial for nurses to use cultural knowledge of patients to treat them. First of all, it helps nurses to be aware of ways in which the patient's culture and faith system provide...