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The Motionless Electromagnetic Generator: Extracting Energy from a Permanent Magnet with Energy-Replenishing from the Active Vacuum Thomas E. Bearden, Ph.D. James C. Hayes, Ph.D. James L. Kenny, Ph.D. Kenneth D. Moore, B.S. Stephen L. Patrick, B.S. Magnetic Energy Limited Huntsville, AL 35801 Special Note: Posting of this document on a DoE website does not imply approval or disapproval by theDepartment of Energy. This work is made available to illustrate innovative energy research by multiple researchers involving new concepts. Scientific method requires replication and independent test and verification, and an additional research prototype build-up for those purposes is presently underway by the authors. BACKGROUND Introduction For about 10 years the inventors have been working togetheras a team, and exploring many avenues whereby electromagnetic energy might be extracted from various sources of potential, and eventually from the active vacuum itself. This has been very arduous and difficult work, since there were no guidelines for such a process whereby the electrical power system becomes an open dissipative system in the manner of Prigogine's theoretical models {17-19} butusing determinism instead of statistics. There was also no apparent precedent in the patent database or in the scientific database. Since the present "standard" U(1) electrodynamics model forbids electrical power systems with COP>1.0, we also studied the derivation of that model, which is recognized to contain flaws due to its 136-year old basis. We particularly examined how it developed, how it waschanged, and how we came to have the Lorentz-regauged Maxwell-Heaviside equations model ubiquitously used today, particularly with respect to the design, manufacture, and use of electrical power systems. Our approach was that the Maxwell theory is well-known to be a material fluid flow theory, since the equations are hydrodynamic equations. So in principle, anything that can be done with fluidtheory can be done with electrodynamics, since the fundamental equations are the same mathematics and must describe consistent analogous functional behavior and phenomena. This means that EM systems with "electromagnetic energy winds" from their external "atmosphere" (the active vacuum) are in theory quite possible, analogous to a windmill in a wind.

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The major problem was that the presentclassical EM model excluded such EM systems. We gradually worked out the exact reason for the arbitrary exclusion that resulted in the present restricted EM model, where and when it was done, and how it was done. It turned out that Ludvig Valentin Lorenz {55} symmetrically regauged Maxwell's equations in 1867, only two years after Maxwell's seminal publication in 1865, and Lorenz first made thearbitrary changes that limited the model to only those Maxwellian systems in equilibrium in their energy exchange with their external environment (specifically, in their exchange with the active vacuum). This is not a law of nature and it is not the case for the Maxwell-Heaviside theory prior to Lorenz's (and later H. A. Lorentz's) alteration of it. Thus removing this symmetrical regauging condition{31, 34-38} is required—particularly during the discharge of the system's excess potential energy (the excitation) in the load. Later the great H. A. Lorentz, working independently and apparently unaware of Lorenz's previous 1867 work, independently regauged the Maxwell-Heaviside equations so they represented a system that was in equilibrium with its active environment. Implications of theArbitrarily Curtailed Electrodynamics Model Initially an electrical power system is asymmetrically regauged by simply applying potential, so that the system's potential energy is nearly instantly changed. The well-known gauge freedom principle in gauge field theory assures us that any system's potential—and hence potential energy—can be freely changed in such fashion. In principle, this potential...
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