Definite and indefinite article in english

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Definite and indefinite articles

What is an article?
Basically, articles are either definite or indefinite. They combine to a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun.* The definite article is the.
* The indefinite article is a / an.
The indefinite article a or an:
The article a / an is used when we don't specify the things or people we are talking about:* I met a friend.
* I work in a factory in New York.
* I borrowed a pencil from a passenger sitting next to me.
The indefinite article a is used before a consonant sound:
* a dog.* a pilot
* a teacher.
* a university
NOTE:
Although 'university' starts with the vowel 'u', it is not pronounced as such. It is pronounced as a consonant sound /ju:.niv3:.si.ti/
Theindefinite article AN is used before a vowel sound:
* an engineer.
* an elephant.
* an athlete
The definite article THE:
It's used when the speaker talks about a specific object that boththe person speaking and the listener know.
* The car over there is fast.
* The president of the United States is giving a speech tonight.
When we speak of something or someone for the firsttime we use a or an, the next time we repeat that object we use the definite article the.
* I live in a house. The house is quite old and has four bedrooms.
* I ate in a Chinese restaurant. Therestaurant was very good.
No article:
1. Do not use an article with countries, states, counties or provinces, lakes and mountains except when the country is a collection of states such as "The UnitedStates".
* He lives in Washington near Mount Rainier.
* They live in Northern British Columbia.
* They climbed Mount Everst.
2. we do not normally use an article with plurals anduncountable nouns to talk about things in general.:
* He writes books.
* She likes sweets.
* Do you like jazz music?
* She ate bread with butter in the morning.
Countable and uncountable...
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