Resumo linguistica aplicada cook brown

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Conversation Analysis
Ethnomethodologists: because they (-ists) set out to discover what methods (-methodolog) people (-ethno) use to participate in and make sense of the interaction.* Local level – not seeing discourse as large structures
* Bottom up strategy – From the smallest units first
* Discourse as a developing process – instead of a finished productTurn-taking
Conversation involves turn-taking and that the end of one speaker’s turn and the beginning of the next’s frequency latch on to each other with almost perfection and Split-second timing (Sacks,Schegloff, and Jefferson 1974)
* 5 per cent of conversation or less;
* it carries significance.
Pauses between turns also have significance.
Turn-taking mechanisms vary betweencultures and between languages.
Efficient turn taking involve also factors which are not linguistics:
* Eye Contact;
* Body position and movement;
* Intonation and volume.
The relativestatus of the speaker, or the role he is playing also is important. (Students fall silent when the professor speaks – in the bar as well as the seminar)
Turn types
Adjacency Pairs: occurs when theutterance of one speaker makes a particular kind of response very likely.
If the expected response is ignored we are likely to interpret this somehow: as rudeness, deafness or lack of attention.
Inadjacency pair usually we have two choices, a preferred response or a dispreferred response.
* Offer: Acceptance(preferred) or Refusal(dispreferred)
* Assessment: Agreement (preferred) orDisagreement (dispreferred)
* Blame: Denial (preferred) or Admission (dispreferred)
* Question: Expected Answer (preferred) or Unexpected Answer (dispreferred)
Insertion Sequence: When a second partof an adjacency pair can be delayed by and alternation of turns occurring within it. Usually is intimately related to the main sequence.
A: Did you enjoy the meal?
B: Did you?
A: Yes.
B: So did...