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Candelabrum
Place of origin: birmingham, England (made)
Date: ca. 1846 (made)
Artist/Maker: Pugin, Augustus Welby Northmore, born 1812 - died 1852
(designer)
Hardman and Co. (manufacturer)Materials and Techniques: Wrought brasswork
Museum number: 2742-1851
Gallery location: British Galleries, room 122e, case 5

Public access description
Object Type
This brass candelabrum was designedfor the House of Lords by A.W.N. Pugin and made by Hardman & Co. of Birmingham. The design is
based on late Gothic brass wares produced in such centres as Nuremberg, Germany and Dinant, Belgium,which Pugin had seen on his
frequent trips to the Continent.
Materials & Making
Pugin chose John Hardman & Co. as a suitable manufacturer of his designs because their craftsmanship and finish were ofa very high
standard. They used the most modern methods of manufacture then available including die-stamping and electro-forming and their gilding
and cast work was of the highest quality.
Design &Designing
Design features of this candelabrum such as the lobed foot and strongly worked foliage are very typical of Pugin's attempt to interpret
Medieval form. Pugin had been fascinated bycandlesticks and sconces from his youth and some of his earliest drawings are for different
forms of lights. In his own words he thought a candlestick should 'take the light well and sparkle'. Thiscandelabrum formed part of Hardman's
base-metalwork display at the Great Exhibition of 1851. It was intended to be used in one of the Gothic architectural interiors for which Pugin
was so famous. It wasbought by the Museum from the Great Exhibition.
Descriptive line
Candelabrum, brass, English, mid-19th century
Physical description
A branched altar candlestick to hold five lights, with Gothicscroll foliage
Museum number
2742-1851
Object history note
Originally designed for the House of Lords, Palace of Westminster. Designed by A. W.N. Pugin (born in London 1812, died in Ramsgate, Kent,...
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