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Verb Tense Overview with Examples
Simple Present Simple Past Simple Future
I study English every day.
Two years ago, I studied English in England. If you are having problems, I will help you study English.

I am going to study English next year.
Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous
I am studying English now.
I was studying English when you called yesterday. I will bestudying English when you arrive tonight.

I am going to be studying English when you arrive tonight.
Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect
I have studied English in several different countries. I had studied a little English before I moved to the U.S. I will have studied every tense by the time I finish this course.

I am going to have studied every tense by the time I finish this course.Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous
I have been studying English for five years. I had been studying English for five years before I moved to the U.S. I will have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive.

I am going to have been studying English for over two hours by the time you arrive.

Active Tenses
Simple Present
Present Action or Condition General Truths Non-action; Habitual Action Future Time
• I hear you.
• Here comes the bus. • There are thirty days in September. • I like music.
• I run on Tuesdays and Sundays. • The train leaves at 4:00 p.m.

Present Progressive
Activity in Progress Verbs of Perception
• I am playing soccer now • He is feelingsad

Simple Past
Completed Action Completed Condition
• We visted the museum yesterday. • The weather was rainy last week.

Past Progressive
Past Action that took place over a period of time Past Action interrupted by another
• They were climbing for twenty-seven days. • We were eating dinner when she told me.

With will/won't -- Activity or event that will or won't exist orhappen in the future With going to -- future in relation to circumstances in the present
• I'll get up late tomorrow.
• I won't get up early. • I'm hungry.
• I'm going to get something to eat.

Present Perfect
With verbs of state that begin in the past and lead up to and include the present To express habitual or continued action With events occuring at an indefinited or unspecified time in thepast -- with ever, never, before
• He has lived here for many years. • He has worn glasses all his life. • Have you ever been to Tokyo before?

Present Perfect Progressive
To express duration of an acton that began in the past, has continued into the present, and may continue into the future
• David has been working for two hours, and he hasn't finished yet.

Past Perfect

to describe apast event or condition completed before another event in the past In reported speech
• When I arrived home, he had already called. • Jane said that she had gone to the movies.

Future perfect
to express action that will be completed by or before a specified time in the future
• By next month we will have finished this job.
• He won't have finished his work until 2:00.________________________________________

Simple present
active: passive:
• The company ships the computers to many foreign countries. • Computers are shipped to many foreign countries.

Present Progressive
active: passive:
• The chef is preparing the food. • The food is being prepared.

Simple Past
active: passive:
• The delivery man delivered the package yesterday. • The package wasdelivered yesterday.

Past Progressive
active: passive:
• The producer was making an announcement. • An announcement was being made.

active: passive:
• Our representative will pick up the computer. • The computer will be picked up.

Present Perfect
active: passive:
• Someone has made the arrangements for us. • The arrangements have been made for us.

Past Perfect
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