Tempos verbais

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tense Affirmative/Negative/Question Use Signal Words
Simple Present A: He speaks.
N: He does not speak.
Q: Does he speak?  action in the present taking place once, never or several times
 facts actions taking place one after another
 action set by a timetable or schedule always, every …, never, normally, often, seldom, sometimes, usually
if sentences type I (If I talk, …)
PresentProgressive A: He is speaking.
N: He is not speaking.
Q: Is he speaking?  action taking place in the moment of speaking
 action taking place only for a limited period of time
 action arranged forthe future at the moment, just, just now, Listen!, Look!, now, right now
Simple Past A: He spoke.
N: He did not speak.
Q: Did he speak?  action in the past taking place once, never or severaltimes
 actions taking place one after another
 action taking place in the middle of another action yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday
if sentence type II (If I talked, …)Past Progressive A: He was speaking.
N: He was not speaking.
Q: Was he speaking?  action going on at a certain time in the past
 actions taking place at the same time
 action in the past thatis interrupted by another action when, while, as long as
Present Perfect Simple A: He has spoken.
N: He has not spoken.
Q: Has he spoken?  putting emphasis on the result
 action that is stillgoing on
 action that stopped recently
 finished action that has an influence on the present
 action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking already, ever,just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now
Present Perfect Progressive A: He has been speaking.
N: He has not been speaking.
Q: Has he been speaking?  putting emphasis on the course orduration (not the result)
 action that recently stopped or is still going on
 finished action that influenced the present all day, for 4 years, since 1993, how long?, the whole week
Past Perfect...
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