Present perfect simples

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(Unesp 2001) IELTS

The International English Language Testing System

The IELTS is an increasingly valuable worldwide test to assess your proficiency in English. It tests all four skills - Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking. There are two options offered - Academic and General Training. The Academic option is for those who wish to undertake undergraduateor postgraduate studies in an English-speaking country, whereas the General Training option is for emigration purposes, to take a secondary course or a professional training course.
Universities in Great Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and a growing number in the USA and Europe ask for the IELTS as proof that a foreign student is able to study and live in an English-speaking country. InBrazil, when applying for a grant, it is one of the English language tests applicants are asked to present to CNPq, CAPES, FAPESP and other funding institutions, including The British Council. Not only for study purposes but also for those who wish for funding to present papers at conferences, do training courses or training programmes abroad.
A candidate may take the test more than once,however, there must be a three-month interval between one test and the next. Additionally there is no expire date, but a University or agency may ask for a more recent result if the test was taken a long time ago.
(Eddie Edmundson, R. Turner, M. Hermens, A.
Francis. "New Routes", n°. 10, July 2000.)

1. As the IELTS tests all four skills, it ___________ worldwide to assess proficiency in English.a) is
b) has used
c) had been used
d) has been using
e) has been used

(Uel) According to a survey done in the 1980s, one English person in every six believes in ghosts, and one in fifteen thinks he has actually ...(I)... one. These figures are high but in the sixteenth and fourteenth centuries almost everyone ...(II)... in ghosts. The most common type ofghost is the poltergeist. This is a ghost which ...(III)... in fact appear. Instead it makes noises and throws objects around. Yet despite this violent activity, poltergeists in fact never hurt ...(IV)... .

2. Assinale a alternativa que preenche corretamente a lacuna (I) do texto
a) see
b) saw
c) sees
d) seen
e) seeing


During the nineteenth century Britain was transformed from a mainly AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY into an industrial one. This change has been called the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION because of the dramatic effect ¢it had on the British way of life. People moved to the rapidly EXPANDING TOWNS and cities, RAILWAYS were developed to transport goods around the country and £by 1900 Britain had become a majorWORLD POWER.

The Industrial Revolution in Britain was built on the use of MACHINE in factories. Since the 1950s Britain's manufacturing industries have replaced the machine operators with computers, and this 'automation' has led to a decline in the number, of employees in manufacturing industries. More manufactured goods are bought and used than ever before but ¥a lot of these goods are imported.By the beginning of the twentieth century other industrial countries, like the USA, were competing with Britain's exports, and countries in the Far East ¤have been able to provide cheaper products since the 1970s. Areas where HEAVY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES are located have suffered high UNEMPLOYMENT.
LAVERY, Clare. "Focus on Britain Today", MacMillan Publishers. p. 98-99.

3. Assinale aalternativa que completa corretamente os espaços no trecho a seguir.

Britain __________ been an industrialised nation for two centuries. It _________ a variety of industries __________ can be divided __________ three main categories.

a) has - has - which - into
b) have - has - who - in
c) has - have - which - in
d) have - has - who - into
e) has - has - who - in

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