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(1756 - 1791)
Austrian composer born in Salzburg, creator of the piano concerto and considered the greatest of all opera composers. Son of Leopold Mozart, composer and chapel master of the PrinceArchbishop of Salzburg, studied harpsichord with his father since he was three years old. It is said that the five and was composing at seven, he had published four sonatas, to have composed 11 operasand 16 years old, he composed 135 works of all genres. From the past six years touring and playing with his father throughout Europe, in cities such as Vienna, Paris and London.He traveled throughoutItaly (1770-1773) and his operas have been presented in Milan assumed the post of court organist (1779), Salzburg, and after the final break with the Archbishop of Salzburg, was established in Vienna(1781), where the waiting competition with Muzio Clementi, and director of the Opera, Antonio Salieri. He married Constanze Weber (1782), his wife until the end of life, joined the Freemasons (1784)and published the string quartets dedicated to Haydn (1785). He went through financial difficulties until the Emperor Joseph II hired him as court composer (1787). Already motherless, also lost hisfather (1787) and went to live with serious chronic kidney problems. Considered primarily a vocal composer, the opera has expressed the essence of his talent.Among more than 600 titles composed 15 operas,six of which stand out, all of the last period of life: Idomeneo, re di Creta (1781), Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782), Le nozze di Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni ( 1787), Così f-+
n tutte (1790),Die Zauberflöte (1791). He composed also liturgical classics like the famous Coronation Mass (1779) and his own Requiem (1791). He wrote 56 symphonies, prepared at different stages of his life, butthe masterpieces are the final phase of the n ° 35 (1782), No. 36 (1783), No. 38 (1786), No. 39 (1788), No. 40 (1788) and No. 41 (1788), 21 piano concertos, and many others for clarinet and orchestra,...
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