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Lifewater Drilling & Well Construction Manual: Cover Page

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LIFEWATER

DRILLING & WELL CONSTRUCTION REFERENCE MANUAL

Version: http://www.lifewater.ca/ndexdril.htm (Updated Dec, 2004)

Lifewater Canada
PO Box 44 Kakabeka Falls, ON P0T 1W0 E-mail: gehrelji@yahoo.com
12/2004 @Copyright Lifewater Canada Page 1 of 176

Lifewater Drilling & Well Construction Manual: CoverPage

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Lifewater Drilling & Well Construction Manual
Introduction
This manual outlines how to successfully site, drill and construct good water wells. In-depth instructions are provided on using the LS-100 mud rotary drill and Bush handpumps. It is designed to help train people with no well construction experience and to be used as a reference when problems arise later in thefield. The manual is most useful when used in conjunction with on-the-job training. Well drilling is an art, not an exacting science. This manual does not cover all issues which will arise and it does not replace common sense or experience. The best way to learn how to construct good wells is to go and do it with experienced workers. Most importantly, learn from your failures, talk to others and thentry again again! The guiding principle is "Do the easy ones first"! There is plenty of water to obtain from shallow depths without taxing the mechanical integrity or engineering design of the LS-100. Hard rock drilling and deep or difficult holes should be left to experienced drillers with more suitable drilling equipment. In general, do not try drilling if there are no existing dug wells within 1km of the proposed drilling site. In writing this manual, I have learned much from the many Lifewater volunteers across North America who have selflessly helped people around the world. The collective knowledge and experience that this group has accumulated by drilling hundreds of wells in different circumstances is truly impressive and I thank everyone who shared their successes and failures withme. Finally, I am struck by how God has richly blessed all those who have stepped out in faith and I look forward with excitement to what God will do in the future. Jim Gehrels, Lifewater Volunteer

12/2004

@Copyright Lifewater Canada

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Lifewater Drilling & Well Construction Manual: Table of Contents

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Lifewater Drill Manual - Table of Contents Click HEREif there is no button bar on the left side of your screen! Lifewater Drill Manual Table of Contents:
Page # 1 3 5 6 7 8 17 32 34 38 40 48 50 53 60 62 65 68 74 79 84 87 Section Title Manual Title Page Table of Contents List of Figures List of Tables 1.0 Steps to Construct a Well 2.0 Deciding Where to Drill 3.0 How to Drill with the LS-100 4.0 Choosing the right Drill Bits 5.0 Mixing and Using DrillMud 6.0 Deciding When to Stop Drilling 7.0 Well Casing and Screen 8.0 Gravel Filter Pack 9.0 Sanitary Grout Seal 10.0 Well Development 11.0 Safety Issues on the Job 12.0 Handpump Pad Construction 13.0 Bush Pump Overview 14.0 Bush Pump Installation Guide 15.0 Well Disinfection 16.0 Water Quality Testing 17.0 Handpump Maintenance 18.0 Well Construction Report # Pages 2 2 1 1 1 9 15 2 4 2 8 2 3 7 23 3 6 5 5 3 2

12/2004

@Copyright Lifewater Canada

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Lifewater Drilling & Well Construction Manual: Table of Contents

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Appendicies:
Page # 89 99 102 111 113 114 117 127 132 136 140 145 149 153 155 159 161 164 166 169 170 174 Section Title A) Glossary of Handpump/Drilling Terms B) Useful Conversion Tables C) Finding Underground Water D) Well Siting ExerciseE) Well Chlorination Exercise F) Lifewater Canada Water Well Record G) Solving Well Drilling Problems H) Assessing Natural Clays for use in Drill Mud I) Methods for Grouting Casing J) Tips for working with Concrete K) How to make a Bush pump L) Making Cup-Leathers M) Iron, Manganese and Turbidity Treatment N) Introduction to the LS-100 Mud Rotary Drill Rig O) LS-100 Part List P) Assembling the...
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