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RE

EXAM GUIDE
Site Planning & Design
Overview
Knowledge / Skills
Sample Multiple-Choice Questions
Sample Multiple-Choice Answers

4
10

Site Grading Vignette
Sample Passing Solution
Sample Failing Solution

11
12
13

Site Design Vignette
Sample Passing Solution
Sample Failing Solution

14
17
18

References

Copyright © 2011

a
1

19

This document, effectiveJuly 2011, supersedes all previous
editions of the ARE® 4.0 Exam Guide: Site Planning & Design.
Please check NCARB’s web site, www.ncarb.org, regularly
for updates to the ARE 4.0 Exam Guides and for the
most current information regarding the ARE.

RE

Site
Site Planning
& Design
65 MC Questions

+

2 Vignettes

Overview

Site Planning & Design
OVERVIEW

Knowledge/
SkillsSample Multiple
Choice Questions
Site Grading
Vignette
Site Design
Vignette
References

DIVISION STATEMENT
Employ knowledge and skills pertaining to site planning and design including environmental, social, and economic issues,
project and practice management.

Content Areas
1. PRINCIPLES
16 24 percent of scored items

2. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
24 32 percent of scored items

3.CODES & REGULATIONS
(14-22 percent of scored items)

Vignettes
SITE GRADING
Modify a site's topographical characteristics responding to
programmatic and regulatory requirements.

SITE DESIGN
Design a site, including building placement, parking,
and vehicular and pedestrian circulation, responding to programmatic, functional, environmental, and setback requirements utilizing general siteplanning principles.

4. MATERIALS & TECHNOLOGY
(22-30 percent of scored items)

5. PROJECT & PRACTICE MANAGEMENT
(4-12 percent of scored items)

July 2011 ARE® 4.0 a

RE

Site
Site Planning
& Design
65 MC Questions

+

2 Vignettes

Overview

Site Planning & Design
KNOWLEDGE / SKILLS

Knowledge/
Skills
Sample Multiple
Choice Questions
Site Grading
Vignette

KNOWLEDGE/ SKILLS
The division has been broken down into a listing of knowledge and skills directly related to each major content area.

1. PRINCIPLES
16 24 percent of scored items

Site Design
Vignette
References

A. Review and assess the site for impact of human
behavior, historic precedent, design theory in the
selection of systems, materials, and methods on
site design and construction.1. Site Planning
Select and evaluate a potential site using generally
accepted site planning and master planning principles.
Review and assess the impact on site development of
all zoning ordinances, building codes, and covenants.
Review and assess the impact on site development of
all physical, natural, and other constraints.
2. Site Design and Design Principles
Apply generally acceptedsite design practices and
basic engineering principles to site design. Apply the
concepts of spatial visualization and modeling, texture,
shape, form, line, scale, pattern, symmetry, color,
contrast, mass, and acoustics to achieve programmatic
site design goals.
3. Implications of Design Decisions
Evaluate the impact of site design decisions on costs,
schedules, basic engineeringprinciples, site utilization,
expansion, or any other important site issue.
4. Adaptive Reuse of Buildings and/or Materials
Examine the impact of adaptive reuse concepts and/or
materials on site design.

5. Architectural History and Theory
Assess the proposed site to determine the impact of the
local or regional historic context, precedents, forms,
order and imagery, preservation of site features,archeological and cultural value, and other historical issues.

2. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
24 32 percent of scored items
A. Evaluate site and environmental conditions by assessing and applying systems, materials, and construction
methods, incorporating principles of sustainability,
and assessing design impact on human behavior.
1. Interpreting Existing Site/Environmental
Conditions and Data...
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