Karl marx

Disponível somente no TrabalhosFeitos
  • Páginas : 6 (1281 palavras )
  • Download(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 17 de abril de 2013
Ler documento completo
Amostra do texto
Karl Marx
Karl Marx was a German philosopher and ideologist. He created the foundations of the communist doctrine, which criticized capitalism. His philosophical ideologies exerted influence in several areas of studying such as sociology, politics, philosophy, economics and other areas of academics. Because of his revolutionary conceptions, Karl Mark was one of the most debated and argued menof the twentieth century. Marx wrote several books and his ideas unfolded in various streams of thoughts. Karl Marx’s ideology and school of thought were highly influenced by his background, theories, and achievements, which served as major contributions to the study of economics.
In May 5, 1818, Karl Heinrich Marx was born in Trier, Germany and died in London on March 14, 1883, as a result ofbronchitis and respiratory problems. According to Gale Biography in Context, “Marx came from a Jewish family with rabbinical roots on both his paternal and maternal sides”. Marx in 1835 graduated from high school at the Lycée Friedrich Wilhelm. During the same year of 1835, the philosopher joined Bonn University where he enrolled to study law. Marx never paid much attention in his law studies,instead the majority of his energy was focused on the subjects of philosophy much attention in the subject. Making his father mad for not putting effort in Law in 1836 as Encyclopedia of the World Biography attests in one of their articles that, “Marx's dismayed father took him out of Bonn and had him enter the University of Berlin”. While studying at the University of Berlin, Marx was influenced bythe thoughts of Hegel, participating in the Young Hegelian movement. In 1848, Marx and Engels, who he met in Paris after, exiled from Germany, publishes The Communist Manifesto, a first draft of revolutionary theory that would later be called Marxism. Throughout his life Karl Marx was exiled several times from several countries because of his extreme ideologies, an example of that is when “In 1842he became editor of the liberal Cologne newspaper Rheinische Zeitung, but it was suppressed by the Berlin government the following year”, as Encyclopedia of World Biography exposed, after a publication of an article on the Russian absolutism, the government closed the paper. Again with the help of Engels, published in 1867, the first volume of his most important work, "Das Kapital," or Capital,work that summarizes his criticism of the capitalist economy. By the economist background, it is noticeable that he was influenced in his works and theories by the school thoughts he belonged to.
Karl Marx suffered many influences among his critical way of thinking and theories, by different school of thoughts that he belonged to. He had lots of his theories absorbed from philosophers andeconomists such as Adam Smith, Hegel and Frederic Engel. From the first one, Marx inherited the perspective of economics as a science in which the work is a category that generates wealth and value of goods that fluctuates around a "natural price" when there is a balance between supply and demand. Marx opposed Smith’s point of view and at the flourished of the industrialization wrote The Capital and asDr. Wallace C. Peterson says “Marx’s work…struck at the fundamental principle of capitalism—private ownership of the means of production. Marx believed that land and capital should be owned collectively (that is, by society) and that the products of the system should be distributed according to need”. The second one, the German philosopher Hegel with his writings created to school of thoughts, theOld Hengelians and the Young Hengelians and according to Terrell Carver is his research, “Marx's initial political engagement was with the Young Hegelians, a movement based in liberal university faculties”. The third one, Friedrich Engels is one of the most important schools of thoughts that Marx belonged to. Engels not only capitalized or financed Marx works, but they shared the same ideas and...