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World War II - Blitzkrieg- The Lighting War- Invasion of Poland 1939

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Joana Pires Martins dos Santos Porugal 130311006

February of 2013

The main topics:

❖ The meaning of Blitzkrieg

In the first phase of World War II in Europe Germany's strategy was to defeat its opponents in a series of short campaigns called theBlitzkrieg (the lighting war). Those campaigns required the concentration of offensive weapons (such as tanks, planes, and artillery) along a narrow front.

❖ Invasion to Poland – 1939

Nazi's army and artillery allowed them to invade Poland mitigating all of the territory and therefor conquering it. The destruction in Poland was simply overwhelming, with 70.000 deaths and 130.000 onthe Polish side. This invasion subsequently began World War II.

The success of this German campaign was due to:

➢ Anticipation of the attack

➢ Make a surprise night attack

➢ Great mobility which compensate the outnumbered

➢ Advanced offensive weapons against lances and swords on the Polish side.

➢Dislocation in panzers (Germany) provided a great mobility compared to cavalry (Poland)

➢ Equipped with speed, strength and massive presence, panzers penetrated the enemy lines and destroyed their communications.

❖ Vocabulary based on the documentary about Blitzkrieg- Invasion of Poland and further research:➢ Aggression: Warlike act by one country against another without a just cause

➢ Air Craft: Any machine capable of flying by means of buoyancy or aerodynamic forces, such as a glider, helicopter, or airplane.

➢ Air Force: The branch of a nation's armed services primarily responsible for air warfare

➢ Allies: WWII military alliance of Britain, France,Soviet Union, China, the U.S.

➢ Appeasement: Practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war

➢ Army: A large body of people organized and trained for land warfare.

Often Army the entire military land forces of a country.

➢ Axis: WWII military alliance of Italy, Japan, Germany

➢ Blitzkrieg "lightning war": Swiftattacks launched by Germany in WWII during the night.

➢ Bomb: An explosive weapon detonated by impact, proximity to an object, a timing mechanism, or other means.

➢ Bombard/ (ment): To attack with bombs, shells, or missiles

➢ Bullet: A usually metal projectile in the shape of a pointed cylinder or a ball that is expelled from a firearm, especially a rifle or handgun➢ Brigade: A military unit consisting of a variable number of combat battalions or regiments.

➢ Concentration Camp: prison camp for civilians who are considered enemies of the state

➢ Commanding officer: A military officer in charge of a unit, post, camp, base, or station.

➢ Corps: A separate branch or department of the armed forces having aspecialized function.

➢ Island Hopping: Refers to the United States' strategy of fighting in the Pacific against Japan in World War II - retaking one island at a time in order to take territory from the Japanese and move closer to the island of Japan

➢ Field hospital: A hospital established on a temporary basis to serve troops in a combat zone.

➢ Field marshal: Anofficer in some European armies, usually ranking just below the commander in chief.

➢ Fireteam: A fireteam is a small military unit of infantry

➢ Grenade launcher: Is a weapon that launches a grenade with more accuracy, higher velocity, and to greater distances than a soldier could throw it by hand.

➢ Helmet: A helmet is a form of protective gear worn on the head to...
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