Geological time table 2012

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INTERNATIONAL CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHIC CHART
www.stratigraphy.org
Eo no t Er hem ath / em Eon Sy /E s te ra m /P eri od Eo no t Er hem ath / em Eon Sy /E s te ra m /P eri od Eo no t Er hem ath / em EonSy ste / Era m /P eri od

International Commission on Stratigraphy August 2012
GSSP GSSP GSSP GSSA

GSSP

Series / Epoch

Stage / Age

numerical age (Ma)
present

Series / Epoch

Stage/ Age

numerical age (Ma)
145.0 ± 0.8

Series / Epoch

Stage / Age

numerical age (Ma)
358.9 ± 0.4

Eonothem / Eon Erathem / Era System / Period

numerical age (Ma)
~ 541

QuaternaryHolocene Pleistocene Upper Middle Calabrian Gelasian Piacenzian Zanclean Messinian Tortonian Miocene Serravallian Langhian Burdigalian Aquitanian Chattian Oligocene Rupelian

0.0117 0.126 0.7811.806

Tithonian Upper Kimmeridgian Oxfordian Callovian Bathonian Bajocian Aalenian Toarcian

Ediacaran Neoproterozoic Cryogenian Tonian

152.1 ±0.9 157.3 ±1.0

Famennian Upper
372.2 ±1.6~ 635 850 1000

Devonian

Jurassic

Pliocene

Middle

Givetian Middle Eifelian

Proterozoic

2.588 3.600 5.333 7.246 11.62 13.82 15.97 20.44 23.03

163.5 ±1.0 166.1 ±1.2 168.3 ±1.3170.3 ±1.4 174.1 ±1.0 182.7 ±0.7

Frasnian
382.7 ±1.6 387.7 ±0.8 393.3 ±1.2

Stenian Mesoproterozoic
1200

Ectasian
1400

Cenozoic Neogene

Calymmian
1600

Mesozoic

LowerPliensbachian
190.8 ±1.0

Emsian Lower Pragian Lochkovian
419.2 ±3.2 407.6 ±2.6 410.8 ±2.8

Statherian
1800

Precambrian

Sinemurian Hettangian Rhaetian
~ 208.5 199.3 ±0.3 201.3 ±0.2Paleoproterozoic

Orosirian
2050

Pridoli

Rhyacian
2300

Triassic

28.1 33.9

Upper

Norian
~ 228

Silurian

Ludlow Wenlock Llandovery

Paleogene

Priabonian Bartonian Eocene LutetianPhanerozoic

Phanerozoic

Middle Lower Lopingian

Phanerozoic Paleozoic Ordovician

Ladinian Anisian Olenekian Induan Changhsingian Wuchiapingian Capitanian Wordian Roadian Kungurian

~...
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