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We have listed active and passive forms in the following table.
We used the phrase I drive and have put this phrase into most common tenses.
Active (Simple Forms) |
Simple Present | I drive |
Simple Past | I drove |
Present Perfect | I have driven |
Past Perfect | I had driven |
will-future | I will drive |
Future Perfect | I will have driven |
Conditional I | I would drive |Conditional II | I would have driven |

Active (Progressive/Continuous Forms) |
Simple Present | I am driving |
Simple Past | I was driving |
Present Perfect | I have been driving |
Past Perfect | I had been driving |
will-future | I will be driving |
Future Perfect | I will have been driving |
Conditional I | I would be driving |
Conditional II | I would have been driving |Passive (Simple Forms) |
Simple Present | I am driven |
Simple Past | I was driven |
Present Perfect | I have been driven |
Past Perfect | I had been driven |
will-future | I will be driven |
Future Perfect | I will have been driven |
Conditional I | I would be driven |
Conditional II | I would have been driven |

Passive (Progressive/Continuous Forms) |
Present | I am beingdriven |
Past | I was being driven |
Present Perfect ¹ | I have been being driven |
Past Perfect ¹ | I had been being driven |
Future ¹ | I will be being driven |
Future Perfect ¹ | I will have been being driven |
Conditional I ¹ | I would be being driven |
Conditional II ¹ | I would have been being driven |
¹ Tenses which are rarely used in everyday conversation.
tense | active |passive |
Simple Present | Peter builds a house. | A house is built by Peter. |
Simple Past | Peter built a house. | A house was built by Peter. |
Present Perfect | Peter has built a house. | A house has been built by Peter. |
Past Perfect | Peter had built a house. | A house had been built by Peter. |
will-future | Peter will build a house. | A house will be built by Peter. |
goingto-future | Peter is going to build a house in summer. | A house is going to be built in summer by Peter. |
Active sentences with two objects in passive
When there are two objects in an active sentence, there are two possible active sentences andtwo possible passive sentences.
possibility 1: The professor explained the students the exercise.
possibility 2: The professor explained the exercise tothe students.
There are two objects in each of the following sentences:
object 1 = indirect object: the students
object 2 = direct object: the exercise
An indirect object is very often a person, a direct object a thing. When a direct object is followed by an indirect one, we put to in front of the indirect object.
active sentence - possibility 1 |
subject | verb | indirect object | directobject |
The professor | explained | the students | the exercise. |

active sentence - possibility 2 |
subject | verb | direct object | indirect object |
The professor | explained | the exercise | to the students. |

Each of the objects (direct and indirect) can be the subject in the passive sentence.
passive sentence - possibility 1 |
subject | verb | object | (by-agent) |
Thestudents | were explained | the exercise. | (by the professor). |

passive sentence - possibility 2 |
subject | verb | object | (by-agent) |
The exercise | was explained | to the students | (by the professor). |
Possibility 1 is sometimes called Personal passive.
Questions in Passive are formed with to be and the past particple.
1a. Questions without question words in Passive (SimplePresent)
Form of to be | Subject | past participle | Rest | Yes/No | Subject | Auxiliary
(+ n't) |
Is | the test | written | in room 311? | Yes, | it | is. |
| | | | No, | it | is not. |
| | | | No, | it | isn't. |
Are | grapes | grown | in California? | Yes, | they | are. |
| | | | No, | they | are not. |
| | | | No, | they | aren't. |
1b. Questions with question...
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