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Antoni Gaudí
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Jump to: navigation, search "Gaudi" redirects here. For other uses, see Gaudi (disambiguation). This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. You can assist by editing it. (March 2011) This is a Catalan name. The first family name is Gaudí and the second is Cornet.

Antoni Gaudí
Antoni Gaudí by PauAudouard

Personal information


25 June 1852 Reus (Catalonia, Spain)[1][2]


10 June 1926 (aged 73) Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain



Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló


Parc Güell, Colònia Güell

Antoni Gaudí i Cornet (Riudoms o Reus,[3] 25 June 1852 – Barcelona, 10 June 1926) was a Catalan architect and the most important representativeof Catalan Modernism. Gaudí was an architect with an innate sense for geometry and volumes, and a powerful imagination, which allowed him to mentally project most of his works before drawing plans for them. In fact, only on very few occasions did he draw detailed plans of his works. He preferred to recreate them on three-dimensional scale models, moulding all details as he was conceiving them inhis mind. At other times, he would improvise as he went along, instructing his collaborators what to do. Gifted with a strong intuition and creative capacity, Gaudí conceived

his buildings in a global manner, taking into account both structural and decorative functions. He meticulously studied every detail of his creations, integrating in his architecture a series of crafts, which he hadperfected himself: ceramic, stained glass, iron forging, carpentry, etc. He also introduced new techniques in the treatment of the materials, like his famous “trencadís” made of waste ceramic pieces. After a few years under the influence of neo-Gothic art, and certain oriental tendencies, Gaudí ended up with Modernism which was then at its peak, towards the end of the 19th century and the beginning ofthe 20th. The Reusian architect, however, went beyond orthodox Modernism, creating his personal style based on the observation of nature, the result of which was his use of ruled geometrical forms like paraboloid, el hyperboloid, el helicoid and the cone. Gaudi‟s architectural style is markedly personal and characterised by his quest for new structural solutions which he found after an entirelifetime dedicated to the analysis of the ideal structure for a building; a structure that is integrated into its surroundings and a synthesis of all arts and crafts. Through the study and practice of new and original solutions, Gaudi‟s work culminated in an organic style that was inspired by nature without losing the influence of the experiences of Gaudí‟s former work. He generated architecturalworks that are a perfect symbiosis of tradition and innovation. At the same time, all of his work is marked by the four passions of his life: architecture, nature, religion and his love for Catalonia.[4] Gaudí‟s work has widespread international appeal. There are innumerable studies dedicated to his way of understanding architecture. Today he is admired by both professionals and the general public:His masterpiece, the Sagrada Familia is one of the most visited monuments of Spain.[5] Between 1984 and 2005 seven of his works were declared World Heritage Sites by Unesco.

El Mas de la Calderera, home of the Gaudí family in Riudoms.

[edit] Birth, childhood and studies
Antoni Gaudí was born in 1852, to the industrial boilermaker Francesc Gaudí i Serra (1813– 1906) and Antònia Cornet iBertran (1819–1876). He was the youngest of five children, of whom three survived to adulthood: Rosa (1844–1879), Francesc (1851–1876) and Antoni. Gaudí‟s family origins go back to the Auvergne region in southern France, from where one of his ancestors, Joan Gaudí, a hawker, moved to Catalonia in the 17th century; the origin of his name could be Gaudy or Gaudin.[6] Gaudís exact birthplace is unknown...
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