William Shakespeare (Stratford-upon-Avon, April 26, 1564 - Stratford-upon-Avon, April 23, 1616) was an English poet and playwright, regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's most influential playwright. It is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply The Bard, "The Bard"). Of his works remained until this day 38plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into all major languages of the world, and are staged more than those of any other playwright. Many of his texts and themes, especially the theater, remained alive to the present day, often being revisited in theater, television, film and literature. Among his best known works are Romeo and Juliet,who became the love story par excellence, and Hamlet, which has one of the phrases most popular English language: To be or not to be: that's the question (be or not to be, that is the question).
Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. At 18 years, according to some scholars, he married Anne Hathaway, who gave him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamlet and Judith. Between 1585and 1592 William began a successful career in London as an actor, writer and one of the owners of the theater company called Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. It is believed that he has returned to Stratford around 1613 and died three years later. That left few records of Shakespeare's private life, and there are many speculations on matters as his physical appearance,sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether some of the work assigned to it would have been written by other authors.Shakespeare produced most of his work between 1590 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and works based on historical events and characters, genres he took to the apex of sophistication and artistry of the late sixteenth century. From then wrote only tragedies until about 1608,including Hamlet, King Lear and Macbeth, considered some of the most important works in the English language. In its last phase, he wrote a piece sets or tragicomedies classified as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. Several of his plays were published in editions of varying degrees of quality and accuracy during his lifetime. In 1623 two of his former colleagues published the theatercalled First Folio, a collection of his dramatic works that included all parts (with the exception of two) currently recognized as being of his own.
Shakespeare was a poet and Dramaturgy, respected in his own day, but his reputation would only reach the level where it is today in the nineteenth century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians idolized himas a hero, with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called "bard latria." In the twentieth century his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements, both in academia and as performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are studied, staged and constantly reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.
It is believedthat William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, a successful Glover and sub-mayor of Stratford (after wool merchant), coming from Snitterfild, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent wealthy landowner. Although his birth date is unknown, it is believed that of April 23, 1564 based on the record of his baptism, the 26th of the same month, due to the custom at that time to baptizechildren three days after birth. Shakespeare was the third child in a brood of eight and the eldest surviving. Many agree that William was educated in an excellent grammar schools of the time, a kind of preparation for the University. However, Park Honan account in Shakespeare, a life that John was forced to take him out of this school, when William should have fifteen or sixteen (some sources cite...