(Re) structure of paragraphs in essays papers and argumentatives assignments based on graphs theory and the organization of problem-solution patterns

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Abstract. Keywords: essays, paragraph, graphs theory

The natural language processing – NLP is not a common task, and it is getting notorious each day for the academic public. Analyzing a essay under the concept of the speech is to intend that some of the obstacles have been overcame, once there is an increasing on the complex of modeling and computational treatment when itinvolves knowledge on semantic, pragmatic and speech fields[1]. To promote the structuring of paragraphs in essay writing vestibular becomes more complex, not just stick to the discursive and morphosyntactic aspect, but also because they are texts that have, in theory, grammatical inaccuracies in nature, which hinder the performance and reduce system designed to NLP. [2] shows that discourse analysiscan provide a better understanding of the difficulties encountered by students to produce their essays. Following this line of thinking, this article discusses the use of problem-solution patterns [3], on vestibular essays, in order to submit a proposal for organizing the text, using the same ideas and syntactic constructions of the original text, aiming to improve the presentation of those ideas toencourage better understanding of the text, and also the facilitation reading. The studies of [4] and [5] demonstrate the need for analysis of complex networks based on their characteristics to identify its topology, determining the level of cohesion between the documents, identifying crucial documents to maintaining the links and extracting knowledge for decision making. The design of paper textallows the adoption of graph theory and complex networks to evaluate some characteristics of its textual structure, such as cohesion and structure of paragraphs. The results of this article include this statement.

The Organization Problem-Solution Pattens According to [3], the text can be defined as a visible evidence of an interaction with the intention of self-contained of oneor more authors or readers. This interaction is envisioned as a series of hypothetical questions that the reader does to the writer, whose responses should meet the expectations of the reader at both the phrasal and



the level of discourse, might be fixed and therefore known by both reader and writer. He prefers to explain this phenomenon by means of what hecalls popularly standards of organization. These standards are mainly characterized: by an organization and not by an structure, in which certain elements are more frequent than others, that there was no inappropriate combinations, again in contrast to the structures, because they are limited by culture, and finally, by their popularity, that is, the high frequency with which some of them occur. Oneof the most common is the problem-solution patterns, proposed in 1983, which is characterized by the following elements: 1) a status quo option, which provides a context for the pattern, 2) the issue or aspect of a situation requiring a response, 3) the answer to the problem and 4) a positive result or evaluation. Textual patterns have been described for the purpose of computing the objective wayclause or group of clauses that relate to each other in discourse. In other words, the true nature of the model is the sense of order perceived by a reader. Therefore, the problem-solution pattern is just one of several options for the organization of text [3]. The problem-solution partner – PSP emerges as a result of mental processing of the writer, responding to a series of predictable questionsthat reflect the relationship the sentences of text. However, the absence of a pre-set for the appearance of responses, the main feature of the PSP is the lexical signs. [6]McCarthy (1996), speaking on textual patterns, argues that studies show the prevalence of three types of common standards that are classified as problemsolution, hypothetical-real, general-specific. The paper paragraph The...
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