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Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems

Lino Guzzella and Christopher H. Onder

Introduction to Modeling and Control of Internal Combustion Engine Systems


Prof. Dr. Lino Guzzella ETH Zürich Institute for Dynamic Systems & Control Sonneggstr. 3 8092 Zürich ETH-Zentrum Switzerland E-mail: Dr. Christopher H. Onder ETH ZürichInstitute for Dynamic Systems & Control Sonneggstr. 3 8092 Zürich ETH-Zentrum Switzerland E-mail:

ISBN 978-3-642-10774-0 DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-10775-7

e-ISBN 978-3-642-10775-7

Library of Congress Control Number: 2009940323 c 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material isconcerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilm or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer.Violations are liable to prosecution under the German Copyright Law. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. Typesetting: Data supplied by the authors Production: ScientificPublishing Services Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, India Cover Design: WMX Design, Heidelberg, Germany Printed in acid-free paper 987654321


Who should read this text? This text is intended for students interested in the design of classical and novel IC engine control systems. Its focus lies on the control-oriented mathematical description of the physical processes involved and onthe model-based control system design and optimization. This text has evolved from a lecture series held during the last several years in the mechanical engineering (ME) department at ETH Zurich. The target readers are graduate ME students with a thorough understanding of basic thermodynamic and fluid dynamics processes in internal combustion engines (ICE). Other prerequisites are knowledge ofgeneral ME topics (calculus, mechanics, etc.) and a first course in control systems. Students with little preparation in basic ICE modeling and design are referred to [64], [97], [194], and [206].

Why has this text been written? Internal combustion engines represent one of the most important technological success stories in the last 100 years. These systems have become the most frequently usedsources of propulsion energy in passenger cars. One of the main reasons that this has occurred is the very high energy density of liquid hydrocarbon fuels. As long as fossil fuel resources are used to fuel cars, there are no foreseeable alternatives that offer the same benefits in terms of cost, safety, pollutant emission and fuel economy (always in a total cycle, or “wellto-wheel” sense, see e.g., [5]and [68]). Internal combustion engines still have a substantial potential for improvements; Diesel (compression ignition) engines can be made much cleaner and Otto (spark ignition) engines still can be made much more fuel efficient. Each goal can be achieved only with the help of control systems. Moreover, with the systems becoming increasingly complex, systematic and efficient system


Prefacedesign procedures have become technological and commercial necessities. This text addresses these issues by offering an introduction to model-based control system design for ICE. What can be learned from this text? The primary emphasis is put on the ICE (torque production, pollutant formation, etc.) and its auxiliary devices (air-charge control, mixture formation, pollutant abatement systems,...
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