Market for carbon credits and swine production: an analysis of projects and regions of brazil 2011

Disponível somente no TrabalhosFeitos
  • Páginas : 20 (4887 palavras )
  • Download(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 19 de julho de 2012
Ler documento completo
Amostra do texto
Market for carbon credits and swine production: an analysis of projects and regions of Brazil 2011












Abstract

By Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) growth in the swine herd and milk production in Brazil in 2009. The disclosure, made by the agency in Rio de Janeiro, indicates an increase in other products. The milk has reached 29.112 billion gallons,up 5.6% over the previous year. The main producers were Minas Gerais (27.2%), Rio Grande do Sul (11.7%) and Paraná (11.5%). Among municipalities, the largest producer of milk was Castro (PR). The national pork totaled 38.045 million head in 2009, up 3.3% over 2008, according to research released by the IBGE.

Key Words: Carbon credits; swine production; GHG Protocol.
1. Introduction
TheBrazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) said growth in the swine herd and milk production in Brazil in 2009. The disclosure, made yesterday at the headquarters of the agency in Rio de Janeiro, indicates an increase in other products. The milk has reached 29.112 billion gallons, up 5.6% over the previous year. The main producers were Minas Gerais (27.2%), Rio Grande do Sul (11.7%) andParaná (11.5%). Among municipalities, the largest producer of milk was Castro (PR). The national pork totaled 38.045 million head in 2009, up 3.3% over 2008, according to research released by the IBGE show. According to experts note in the disclosure document of research since 2003, the herd of these animals shows steady expansion. Together, the Southern States accounted for 48.5% of the actualBrazilian pig that year. Among municipalities, Uberlândia was the main producer, with 1.8% of the national total, followed by Rio Verde (GO) and Toledo (PR). In 2006, Brazil is the second country in CDM projects. Among the countries of Latin America, Brazil leads with 58 projects registered
Projects of energy generation by landfills, biofuels and other renewable energy, reforestation and hydroelectricrepowering (as in the case of CPFL Energia Small Hydroelectric) have already been accredited by the Interministerial Commission on Climate Change to receive carbon credits for having contributed to reduce volumes of gas. The credits are called Certified Emission Reductions (CERs), issued by the CDM Executive Board. In August 2006, the Executive Board had 259 registered CDM projects (CleanDevelopment Mechanism), with 127 of them (49%) of Latin American origin. The largest number of projects was India (80 projects), followed by Brazil with 58 - one more confirmation of the potential of the country in sustainable development actions. The other countries with the largest number of registered CDM projects were Mexico (20), China (15) and Chile (13). In operation, the 259 projects have thepotential to reduce 84 million tons of carbon dioxide.
There are currently 2010 registered CDM projects in 2135 in the Executive Council of the UN which annually generate 352 million carbon credits to 74 projects in the registration process. China remains at the forefront of projects registered with 792, followed by India (499) and Brazil (171). China, India, Brazil and Mexico account for 76.5% of CDMprojects, generating about 232 million Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) per year. China stands to account for 57.9% of the CERs. Projects under the CDM in Brazil and worldwide. (*) K CERs (Certified Emission Reductions) (*) = k HCR 1000 HCR Among the different existing methodologies for carrying out GHG inventories, GHG Protocol, developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) in partnershipwith the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBSCD) is the tool most used worldwide by companies and governments to understand quantify and manage their emissions. The Brazilian GHG Protocol, developed by FGV, makes an adjustment to the national context. In two years of existence, the program has 23 officially published inventories of GHG emissions, are among the founders...
tracking img