Innovation

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European Trend Chart on Innovation

EUROPEAN INNOVATION SCOREBOARD 2005

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF INNOVATION PERFORMANCE

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2005 EUROPEAN INNOVATION SCOREBOARD

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Introduction............................................................................................................3 1.1. 1.2. Executivesummary........................................................................................3 Revised indicators and methodology .............................................................7 Overall innovation performance in Europe..................................................10 No short-term convergence is expected.......................................................12 Five key dimensions of innovation performance.........................................13Innovation input and innovation output.......................................................15 Innovation performances and trends by country – Challenges....................17 Innovation performance versus economic performance ..............................21 Sector Innovation Scoreboards ....................................................................23 EU innovation gap with US and Japan........................................................25 Innobarometer – Impact of innovation demand...........................................27 National strengths and weaknesses..............................................................29

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European Innovation Scoreboard: Base Findings................................................10 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5.

3.Thematics.............................................................................................................21 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5.

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Technical Annex ..................................................................................................31 Annex Tables .......................................................................................................32

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INTRODUCTION1.1. Executive summary This is the fifth edition of the European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS). The EIS is the instrument developed by the European Commission, under the Lisbon Strategy, to evaluate and compare the innovation performance of the Member States. The EIS 2005 includes innovation indicators and trend analyses for all 25 EU Member States, as well as for Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey,Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, the US and Japan. The list of indicators and the methodology for calculating the Summary Innovation Index (SII) have been revised in close co-operation with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) (cf. section 1.2). The revised methodology now captures more dimensions of a country’s innovation performance, although ensuring continuity with results of the former EIS editions. TheAnnex includes tables with definitions as well as comprehensive data sheets for every country. This report and its annexes, accompanying thematic papers and the indicators database are available at www.trendchart.org. Development of national innovation performances With respect to the situation in Europe, significant national differences are still observed (cf. section 2.1). Figure I shows theSummary Innovation Index (SII) on the vertical axis and the average growth rate of the SII on the horizontal axis. Countries above the horizontal dotted line currently have an innovation performance above the EU25. Countries to the right of the vertical dotted line had a faster average increase in the SII than the EU25. Based on their SII score and the growth rate of the SII, the European countries canbe divided in four groups: • • Switzerland, Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany make up the group of “Leading countries”. France, Luxembourg, Ireland, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Norway, Italy and Iceland all belong to the group of countries showing “Average performance”. Countries “Catching up” are Slovenia, Hungary, Portugal, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Latvia, Greece,...
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