Fundação CECIERJ - Vice Presidência de Educação Superior a Distância
Curso de Tecnologia em Sistemas de Computação
Disciplina: Inglês Instrumental
AD1 1° semestre 2012
Nome – CarlosHenrique da Conceição de Souza
LEIA O TEXTO E RESPONDA.
Robots That Do The Chores
1Engineers at MIT Humanoid Robotics Group have developed a robot called Domo that can adapt tosituations to assist people with everyday chores, everyday life, everyday work.[pic]
2The Jetsons' Rosie the robot is fantasy, but one MIT engineer is trying to make it reality with a robot namedDomo.
3Domo is the 'next generation' of two earlier robots built at MIT: Kismet, designed to interact with humans, and Cog, which could learn to manipulate unknown objects. Other potentialapplications include agriculture, space travel, and assisting workers on an assembly line. Domo incorporates elements of both. A robot like Domo could help elderly or wheelchair-bound people with simplehousehold tasks like putting away dishes.
4There are plenty of robots doing manual work on factory assembly lines, but they do the same thing, every time. They aren't programmed to learn to adapt to newsituations; Domo is. Domo can 'see' everything that happens in front of it thanks to large blue eyes equipped with cameras that scan the room. The cameras feed visual information to 12 computers thatanalyze the input and decide what to focus on. This is important because for a robot to function in a real-world human environment, such as a kitchen, it must be able to ignore clutter and focus only oncertain stimuli. When Domo spots motion that looks like a face, the human can issue verbal commands, for example to find a shelf. If an object is placed in its hand -- such as a bag of coffee beans-- the robot will reach up and place the object on the shelf.
5Domo can also sense when a human is touching it, thanks to springs in its arms, hands and neck and respond to it. If too much force is...