Folklore refers to the tradition of telling tales and reliving legends amongst the individuals within a particular country, territory or tribe. This is usually done orally asolder generations tell the stories to the younger members of their culture, keeping the traditions alive. As with all folklore, English legends are fantastical in nature, often referring to heroes,villains, ghosts, imps and fairies.
England’s folklore has been enriched by several factors. First, its history has been a complex and convoluted one. It has seen many battles, losses, victories,religious revolutions, artistic renaissances and political upheavals. This gives its folklores an element of deep import and nostalgia; some sad, some tragic, and some undeniably comical. Secondly, Englandhas been the land of refuge and desire for many different nations. As each one of these major groups has lived in it, they have left their cultural and historical marks, influencing the locals to acertain degree. With so many influences, the folklore has become a rich source of information, intrigue and resonance. Folklores differ from region to region. Each county has its own brand of fairies,goddesses, heroes, and so on.
In times past, folklore was passed down orally, from generation to generation. In this way, it was preserved and protected, and formed an important part of theculture. The storytellers and listeners believed these tales to be true, basing many of their customs and rituals on protecting themselves, appeasing certain gods, keeping imps away, etc...However, asculture has developed and modernised, the folklores are being forgotten and discredited, losing their magical quality. Because it is such an important part of the country’s history, though, many historiansare trying to preserve this element by recording as many tales as have been documented or remembered. Some popular folklore tales include:
The Black Dog
A nocturnal apparition associated with...