ENB200 – PROJECT PART1
Energy Generation and Distribution in Australia
Investigation on the feasibility of electrical cars into the Australian market
Table of Contents
Queensland University of Technology 1
ENB200 – PROJECT PART1 1
Energy Generation and Distribution in Australia 1
Investigation on the feasibility of electrical cars intothe Australian market 1
Executive Summary 4
Energy Efficiency 6
Global Transportation Energy use 7
Emerging Vehicles technologies 7
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) 8
Electric vehicles in Australia 10
Ownership of motor vehicles in Australia 11
ELECTRICITY GENERATION 12
Energy hasemerged as one of the most significant and invasive issues, society will face in the twenty first century. Our dependence for oil raises questions of national security and economic stability. Our dependency for fossil fuels is generating carbon emissions that are causing global warming, perhaps the most severe environmental problem of the century.
Australia and many other countries around the worldare implementing measurements to minimise carbon emissions as also searching for alternative sources to minimise environmental impact and pollution. One of the many options studied by the Australian authorities is the replacement of cars using fossil fuels by electrical powered vehicles.
Within this report, I would like to expose the consequences of an indicative demand for electrical cars andhow the electrical grid would congregate this demand.
In thinking about future energy, we need to understand where current trends are taking us, what opportunities and challenges lie ahead, and what actions we can take proactively to determine our destiny rather than having it dealt to us.
Predicting the future energy is a risky business, and past attempts to do so bygovernment agencies have been largely unsuccessful. Within this report over viewing economic and demographic statistics, we can best determine an energy use forecast as also investigate potential consequences due to a mass production of electrical vehicles (EV’s).
It is often stated that alternative energy sources will require a great deal of research and development effort. The introduction of EV’s intothe Australian market is necessary to stop our dependency of oil and carbon based energy to cleaner energy patterns.
Energy is one of the keys to understanding the universe and how physical and living systems work. In fact, a simple definition of energy is a capacity to do work. Energy may change forms in any given process, as well chemical energy in wood is converted to heat andlight in a campfire, or when the potential energy of water behind a dam is converted to mechanical energy as it spins a turbine, and then into electricity in the generator of a hydroelectric power plant.
The first law of thermodynamics says we should be able to account for every bit of energy in such processes.
Eq. 1.1 Energy into a system = Useful energy delivered + wasted energy
In practice most of energy systems, engineers are interested involves multiple energy transformations, each with its own efficiency.
Eq. 1.2 Energy efficiency (η) = Useful energy out / energy input
As people around the world shift towards environmental responsibility, conscious consuming is about being aware of the impact on the environment of what we buy. The solution liesin ethical consumerism, where consumers make a moral choice to buy products that are made ensuring the environment, along with human beings, are not exploited. Products supporting principles of sustainability such as energy efficiency, fair trade, organic farming, and local production are all examples of responsible buying.
In 2009, Australian state government began embarking on energy...