Country : portugal

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  • Publicado : 16 de dezembro de 2012
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Portugal
English


Index

1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………….3
2. History……………………………………………………………………………………………… 4/5/6
3. Geography…………………………………………………………………………………………7/8
4. Demography………………………………………………………………………………………9/10
5. Government………………………………………………………………………………………11
6. Religion……………………………………………………………………………………………..12
7.Tourism……………………………………………………………………………………………..13
8. Gastronomy……………………………………………………………………………………….14
9. Culture:
9.1Art
9.1.1Sculptures………………………………………………………………………15
9.1.2Painting………………………………………………………………………….16
9.1.3Glazed Tiles…………………………………………………………………….17
9.2Music…………………………………………………………………………………………….18
9.3Cinema………………………………………………………………………………………...19
9.4 Literature…………………………………………………………………………………….20/21
9.5 Sport…………………………………………………………………………………………...2210. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………… 23


Introduction
In this work we will present some ideas and some looks of our country, Portugal. Our point is to show a several topics about history, culture, tourism, music, sport, etc.

History
Roman Empire started the invasion to Iberian Peninsula at 218 b.C., with the aim exploring their resources. They fight during two centuriesto take all territory from native people. After the invasion, Iberian Peninsula was growing economically and can expanding in several areas. Roman people was develop agriculture, they start cultivate vines and cereals and also increased the fishing activity. They build roads and bridges that facilitated the people and goods movements, consequently the trades with other countries was increase. RomanEmpire gives a important cultural legacy, the language. Local people spoken «usual latim», which is the base of Portuguese language.
After the decline of Roman Empire, the Iberian territory is invaded again but this time by Arabs. Portugal as born after the victory against Arabs, achieving his independence. The most responsible person for that was D. Afonso Henriques, the first king ofPortugal, at 1143. Coimbra was the first capital city.
In 1415, Portugal acquired the first of its overseas colonies by conquering Ceuta. It was the first prosperous Islamic trade centre in North Africa. There followed the first discoveries in the Atlantic: Madeira and the Azores, which led to the first colonization movements.
In the 15th Century, Portuguese explorers the coast of Africa,establishing trading posts for several common types of tradable commodities at the time, ranging from gold to slaves, as they looked for a route to India and its spices, which were coveted in Europe. In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral discovered Brazil and claimed it for Portugal. Ten years later, Afonso de Albuquerque conquered Goa in India. Thus, the Portuguese empire held dominion over commerce in the IndianOcean and South Atlantic. The Portuguese sailors set out to reach Eastern Asia by sailing eastward from Europe landing in such places as Taiwan, Japan, and the island of Timor.
Local | Most Important Resources |
África | Slaves, Gold, Chilli |
Índia | Spices |
Brasil | Sugar, Coffee, Tabacco |
Madeira | Sugar |
The Treaty of Zaragoza, signed on 22 April 1529 between Portugal andSpain, The negotiation for the line of demarcation specified in the Treaty of Tordesillas. All these facts made Portugal the world's major economic, military, and political power from the 15th century, but not for a long time.

“Gold”
“Sugar”
“Spices”

At the colonialism in the 19th Century, Portugal has already lost its territory in South America and a few bases in Asia. But keep with Luanda,Benguela, Bissau and other cities, were among the oldest Portuguese-founded port cities in its African territories. In December 1961 when Portugal refused lose the territories of Goa, Daman and Diu. As a result, the Portuguese army and navy were involved in armed conflict in its colony of Portuguese India against the Indian Forces. The operations...
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