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Introduction

The hippie subculture was originally a youth movement, which began in the United States during the early 1960 that has spread around the world.
The word “hippie” derives fromhipster, and was initially used to describe the beatniks who had moved in the district of San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury. They inherited the counter-cultural values of the Beat Generation, creating theirown communities, listening to the psychedelic rock, embracing the sexual revolution, and using drugs such as marijuana and LSD to explore the sub conscious. Hippie fashions and values had a major effecton culture, influencing music, television, film, literature, and art. Since the 1960s, many aspects of hippie culture have been assimilated by the mainstream. The religious and cultural diversityespoused by the hippies has gained widespread acceptance, and Eastern philosophy and spiritual concepts have reached a wide audience. The hippie legacy can be observed in contemporary culture in a myriadof forms: from health food, to music festivals, to contemporary sexual mores, and even to the cyberspace revolution.

The Origins

Originally, hippies were part of a youth movement composedmostly of white teenagers and young adults, between the ages of 15 and 25 years old, who inherited a tradition of cultural dissent from the earlier Bohemians and the beatniks. Hippies rejected establishedinstitutions, criticized middle class values, opposed nuclear weapons and the Vietnam War, embraced aspects of Eastern philosophy, championed sexual liberation, were often vegetarian and eco-friendly,promoted the use of psychedelic drugs to expand one's consciousness, and created intentional communities or communes. They used alternative arts, street theatre, folk music, and psychedelic rock as apart of their lifestyle and as a way of expressing their feelings, their protests and their vision of the world and life. By 1968, self-described hippies had become a significant minority,...
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