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For other uses, see London (disambiguation).
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From upper left: City of London, Tower Bridge and London Eye, Palace of Westminster
London region in the United KingdomCoordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″WCoordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region London
Ceremonial counties City and Greater London
Districts City and 32boroughs
Settled by Romans as Londinium, c. 43 AD
Headquarters City Hall
• Regional authority Greater London Authority
• Regional assembly London Assembly
• Mayor of LondonBoris Johnson
• UK Parliament
- London Assembly
- European Parliament 74 constituencies
14 constituencies
London constituency
• London 1,570 km2 (607 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 24 m (79 ft)Population (United Kingdom Census 2011 estimates)[2]
• London 8,174,100
• Density 5,206/km2 (13,466/sq mi)
• Urban 8,278,251
• Metro 13,709,000
• Demonym Londoner
• Ethnicity
(June2009 estimates)
Ethnic groups
Time zone GMT (UTC±0)
• Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode areas E

, EC , N , NW , SE , SW , W , WC , BR , CM , CR , DA , EN , HA , IG , KT , RM , SM , TN ,TW , UB
, WD
Area code(s) 020, 01322, 01689, 01708, 01737, 01895, 01923, 01959, 01992

London Listeni/ˈlʌndən/ is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, thelargest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures.[note 1] Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for twomillennia, its history going back to its founding by the Romans, who named it Londinium.[3] London's ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its square-mile mediaeval boundaries. Since at leastthe 19th century, the name London has also referred to the metropolis developed around this core.[4] The bulk of this conurbation forms the London region[5] and the Greater London administrative...
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