The Simple Present
Expresses a habit or often repeated action. Adverbs of frequency such as, often, seldom, sometimes, never, etc. are used with this tense.
She goes to work everyday.
Theyalways eat lunch together
The Present Continuous
This tense is used to describe an action that is occurring right now (at this moment, today, this year, etc.). The action has begun and is still inprogress.
She is typing a paper for her class.
He can’t talk. He is fixing the sink right now
The Simple Past
We use the Simple Past to indicate exactly when an action or event took place in thepast.
I visited my sister yesterday.
We went out to dinner last night
The Past Continuous
The Past Continuous is used to talk about an activity that was in progress at a specific point of time in thepast. The emphasis is on the duration of the activity in the past.
The Past Continuous is often used with the simple past to show that one action was in progress when another action occurred
I wasstudying for an exam while my mother was cooking dinner.
We were walking in the park around 7 p.m. last night.
The Present Perfect
The Present Perfect is used to talk about an event that began inthe past and continues up to the present.
The Present Perfect is also used to talk about an event that was completed in the past, but the specific time of the event is not important.
He has lived inModesto for two years.
I have seen that movie before.
Present Perfect Continuous
This tense is used to describe the duration of an action that began in the past and continues into thepresent.
This tense is also used to describe events that have been in progress recently and are rather temporary.
He has been studying grammar for an hour.
She has been cooking all day.
The Past PerfectThis tense describes completed events that took place in the past before another past event.
The Titanic had received many warnings before it hit the iceberg.
I had already eaten when my friend...
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