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A Step-by-Step Guide to SPSS for Sport and Exercise Studies

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences is the most widely used statistical software for data analysis in sport and exercise science departments around the world. This book is the first guide to SPSS that employs examples directly from the field of sport and exercise. Using a variety of screenshots, figures and tables, this bookdemonstrates how students can open data files from different programmes, transform existing variables, compute new variables, split or merge data files, and select specific cases, as well as how to create and edit a variety of different tables and charts. The book uses clear step-by-step demonstrations to show how students can carry out and report a number of statistical tests. Offering acomprehensive guide to SPSS functions, the book also explains the unavoidable jargon that comes with some statistical tests, and gives examples of how different statistical tests can be incorporated in sport and exercise studies. This book will be of great interest to any student wanting to learn about the features of SPSS. Nikos Ntoumanis is Senior Lecturer in Sport and Exercise Psychology, LeedsMetropolitan University.

A Step-by-Step Guide to SPSS for Sport and Exercise Studies

Nikos Ntoumanis

London and New York

First published 2001 by Routledge 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge Inc. 29 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group This edition published in the Taylorand Francis e-Library, 2005. “To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.” ß 2001 Nikos Ntoumanis All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, includingphotocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested ISBN 0-203-16428-8 Master e-book ISBN

ISBN0-203-25843-6 (Adobe eReader Format) ISBN 0-415-24978-3 (Print Edition)

This book is dedicated to my family for their continuous support and encouragement throughout my life.


Preface Acknowledgements

xi xiii 1


Data Entry 4


Data handling
File 7 New 7 Open 7 Read Text Data 7 Save As 13 Display Data Info 13 Apply Data Dictionary 13 Page Setup 15 PrintPreview 16 Print 17 Send Mail 17 Export Output 18 Edit 18 Undo 18 Find 18 Options 19 Outline 20 SPSS Pivot Table Object or SPSS Chart Object 21 View 21 Value Labels 21 Expand/Collapse 21 Show/Hide 22 Data 22 Define Dates 22 Insert Variable 23 Insert Case 23



Contents Go to Case 23 Sort Cases 23 Transpose 24 Merge File (Add Cases) 26 Merge File (Add Variables) 26 Split File 27Select Cases 29 Weight Cases 31 Transform 31 Compute 31 Count 36 Recode into Same Variables 37 Recode into Different Variables 39 Categorize Variables 39 Rank Cases 41 Replace Missing Values 41


Statistical tests
Analyze 44 Reports/OLAP (Online Analytical Processing) Cubes 44 Descriptive Statistics/Frequencies 44 Descriptive Statistics/Descriptives 48 Descriptive Statistics/Explore 51Descriptive Statistics/Crosstabs 54 Custom Tables/Basic Tables 55 Custom Tables/General Tables 57 Custom Tables/Multiple Response Tables 60 Custom Tables/Tables of Frequencies 63 Compare Means/Means 63 Compare Means/Independent-Samples T Test 64 Compare Means/Paired-Samples T Test 68 Compare Means/One-Way ANOVA 71 General Linear Model/Univariate 82 General Linear Model/Multivariate 99 General Linear...
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