RULE ONE – THE GAME
Art. 1 Definitions
1.1 Basketball game
Basketball is played by two (2) teams of five (5) players each. The aim of each team
is to score in the opponents' basket and to prevent the other team from scoring.
The game is controlled by officials, table officials and a commissioner, if present.
1.2 Basket: opponents'/own
The basket that is attacked by a team is theopponents' basket and the basket which
is defended by a team is the team's own basket.
1.3 Winner of a game
The team that has scored the greater number of points at the end of playing time
shall be the winner.
RULE TWO – COURT AND EQUIPMENT
Art. 2 Court
2.1 Playing court
The playing court shall have a flat, hard surface free from obstructions (Diagram 1)
with dimensions oftwenty-eight (28) m in length by fifteen (15) m in width measured
from the inner edge of the boundary line.
A team's backcourt consists of its team's own basket, the inbounds part of the
backboard and that part of the playing court limited by the endline behind the team's
own basket, the sidelines and the centre line.
A team's frontcourt consists ofthe opponents' basket, the inbounds part of the
backboard and that part of the playing court limited by the endline behind the
opponents' basket, the sidelines and the inner edge of the centre line nearest to the
All lines shall be drawn in white colour, five (5) cm in width and clearly visible. April 2010
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OFFICIAL BASKETBALL RULES 2010Rule Two – Court and equipment
2.4.1 Boundary line
The playing court shall be limited by the boundary line, consisting of the endlines
and the sidelines. These lines are not part of the playing court.
Any obstruction including seated team bench personnel shall be at least two (2) m
from the playing court.
2.4.2 Centre line, centre circle and free-throw semi-circles
The centre lineshall be marked parallel to the endlines from the mid-points of the
sidelines. It shall extend 0.15 m beyond each sideline. The centre line is part of the
The centre circle shall be marked in the centre of the playing court and have a
radius of 1.80 m measured to the outer edge of the circumference. If the inside of
the centre circle is painted, it must be the same colour as therestricted areas.
The free-throw semi-circles shall be marked on the playing court with a radius of
1.80 m measured to the outer edge of the circumference and with their centres at
the mid-points of the free-throw lines (Diagram 2).
2.4.3 Free-throw lines, restricted areas and free-throw rebound places
The free-throw line shall be drawn parallel to each endline. It shall have itsfurthest
edge 5.80 m from the inner edge of the endline and shall be 3.60 m long. Its mid-point
shall lie on the imaginary line joining the mid-points of the two (2) endlines.
The restricted areas shall be the rectangular areas marked on the playing court
limited by the endlines, the extended free-throw lines and the lines which originate
at the endlines, their outer edges being 2.45 m fromthe mid-points of the endlines
and terminating at the outer edge of the extended free-throw lines. These lines,
excluding the endlines, are part of the restricted area. The inside of the restricted
areas must be painted.
Free-throw rebound places along the restricted areas, reserved for players during
free throws, shall be marked as in Diagram 2.
2.4.4 Three-point field goal areaThe team's three-point field goal area (Diagram 1 and Diagram 3) shall be the entire
floor area of the playing court, except for the area near the opponents' basket,
limited by and including:
Two (2) parallel lines extending from and perpendicular to the endline, with the
outer edge 0.90 m from the inner edge of the sidelines.
An arc of radius 6.75 m measured from the point on...
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