APA Style Basics.
PARTS OF AN APA STYLE PAPER
APA Style requires that manuscripts include the following sections, in the following order: · A cover or title page · An abstract page (optional: usually, this is required only for papers over 15 pages, or articles submitted to journals) · Body of the paper, with section headings and quotations properly formatted. · Any additional materials(Appendixes, Tables, Author note, Figures) · Reference List TITLE OR COVER PAGE Page header and page number 1/2 inch from the top of page, aligned to the right margin, type the page header: this should include the first two or three words of the paper title, and the page number. The cover page is page 1. Running head The running head is an abbreviation of the title; it should be typed on the line belowthe page header, flush left, in UPPERCASE, following the words “Running head:” It should not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and . spacing. Paper title About a third of the way down the page, type the title of the paper, centered on the page. Capitalize all the significant words in the title. Author name and affiliation Beneath the title, your name (author), and your school should betyped, centered, on separate lines. ABSTRACT PAGE An abstract should be a brief summary of the paper’s primary premise and findings, no more than 120 words. For the abstract page, center the word “Abstract” at the top of the page, and then include the abstract for the paper, double spaced, and flush against the left margin. BODY OF THE PAPER Margins. The margins for your paper should be uniform onall sides, set to at least 1" or 2.54 cm on all sides: top, bottom, left and right. Line length for each typed line should be no more than 6.5" (16.51 cm), and the maximum number of lines of text per page is 27. Spacing. Double space all portions of the paper. This means you should leave a full line between each line of text in the paper. Page headers. 1/2 inch from the top of each page, include aheader, with the first two or three words of the title, and the page number. Page numbering. Page numbering begins with the cover or title page. Typeface. Use an easily readable “serif” font (such as Palatino, Courier, or Times New Roman) in 12 point size. Text alignment. Set the text alignment to “Left,” so that the right edge of the text on the page is uneven. Paragraph indentation. Set theparagraph indentation to 5 spaces, or about 1/2 inch. Punctuation. Space once after periods, question marks, commas, colons, and semicolons. Do not space once after internal periods in abbreviations. SECTION HEADINGS Section headers help readers follow the organization of a discussion, and are an essential aspect of APA Format. To determine the format for the headings in your papers, you will need toconsult your outline. One or two levels of section headings. For short articles and most student papers, only one or two levels of section
headings are needed: Centered Uppercase and Lowercase Top Level Heading Flush Left, Italicized, Uppercase and Lowercase Second Level Section Heading QUOTATIONS For short quotations (less than 40 words): A quotation of less than 40 words should be enclosed indouble quotation marks and should be incorporated into the sentence. For long quotations (more than 40 words): Longer quotations should be set apart from the surrounding text, withIllustrations. out quotation marks, in block format, indented five spaces from the left margin, and double spaced. If the quotation is more than one paragraph, indent the first line of the second paragraph about 1/2 inch(5 spaces).
CITATIONS IN TEXT OF PAPER Citations in the text of your paper should include the author’s last name(s), the year of publication, and be enclosed in parentheses (Wolf & Masters, 2006). When you are including a direct quote from a source work, include a specific page reference (Anderson, 2004, p. 223). If the author(s) names are mentioned in the same sentence, include...
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