Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
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Princess Imperial |
Princess Isabel around age 41, c. 1887 |
Spouse | Gaston, Count of Eu |
* Princess Luísa Vitória * Prince Pedro * Prince Luís * Prince Antônio |
Full name |
Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta MicaelaGabriela Rafaela Gonzaga |
House | House of Braganza |
Father | Pedro II of Brazil |
Mother | Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies |
Born | 29 July 1846
Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil |
Died | 14 November 1921 (aged 75)
Château d'Eu, France |
Burial | Chapelle royale de Dreux (1921)
Petrópolis Cathedral (1971) |
Signature | |
Religion | Roman Catholicism |Dona Isabel (English: Elizabeth/Isabella;[a] 29 July 1846 – 14 November 1921), nicknamed "the Redemptress", was the heiress presumptive to the throne of the Empire of Brazil, bearing the title of Princess Imperial. She also served as the Empire's regent on three separate occasions.
Isabel was born in Rio de Janeiro, the eldest daughter of Emperor Dom Pedro II and Empress Dona Teresa Cristina and thus amember of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza (Portuguese: Bragança). After the deaths of her two brothers in infancy, she was recognized as her father's heiress presumptive. She married a French prince, Gaston, Count of Eu, in an arranged marriage and they had three sons.
During her father's absences abroad, Isabel acted as regent. In her third and final regency, she actively promotedand ultimately signed a law, named Lei Áurea or the Golden Law, emancipating all slaves in Brazil. Even though the action was broadly popular, there was strong opposition to her succession to the throne. Her gender, strong Catholic faith and marriage to a foreigner were seen as points against her, and the emancipation of the slaves generated dislike among powerful planters. In 1889, her family wasdeposed in a military coup, and she spent the last 30 years of her life in exile in France.
Contents [hide] * 1 Early life * 1.1 Birth * 1.2 Unsuitable heiress * 2 Upbringing * 2.1 Education * 2.2 Domestic life * 2.3 Marriage * 3 Regent * 3.1 First regency * 3.2 Second regency * 4 Abolitionism and the Golden Law * 5 Exile * 5.1 Republican coupd'état * 5.2 Later years * 6 Legacy * 7 Titles and honors * 7.1 Titles and styles * 7.2 Honors * 8 Genealogy * 8.1 Ancestry * 8.2 Issue * 9 Notes * 10 Footnotes * 11 References * 12 External links |
Isabel around age 5, c. 1851. This is likely the first photograph ever takenof the Princess.
Isabel was born at 6:30 p.m. on 29 July 1846 in Rio de Janeiro's Paço de São Cristóvão (Palace of Saint Christopher). She was the daughter of Brazil's Emperor Pedro II and his wife Teresa Cristina. On 15 November the infant princess was baptized in an elaborate ceremony in Igreja da Glória (Glory Church). Her godparents, both represented by proxy, were her uncle,KingFerdinand II of Portugal, and her maternal grandmother María Isabella of Spain.
She was christened Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga.Her last four names were always bestowed upon the members of her family, and Isabel and Cristina honored Isabel's maternal grandmother and mother, respectively.
She was a member of the Brazilian branch ofthe House of Braganza through her father, and from birth was referred to using the honorific Dona (English: Dame or Lady). She was the granddaughter of Brazil's Emperor Pedro I (who also briefly reigned as Portugal's King Pedro IV), and the niece of Portuguese Queen Maria II (wife of Ferdinand II). Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of Francis I and niece to Ferdinand II, both kings...
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