Born on 15 January 1929 in the city of Atlanta (the birth took place at home as was the custom of the time, the Auburn Avenue 501) belonging to the state of Georgia. His father, also named Martin Luther King was a reverend in the city recognized in office Church in Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Received the same name as his father for being the first son, but was named with the initials "ML" insteadof Martin Luther (King) by his family.
His childhood was spent in a Victorian-style house she shared with grandparents, uncles and brothers.
Son of a Baptist minister, Martin Luther King studied theology at Boston University. Since Young was aware of the situation of social and racial segregation of blacks living in their country, and especially the southern states.
Become a Baptist pastor in1954 took over a church in the city of Montgomery, Alabama. Soon he showed his charisma and hisstrong determination to fight for civil rights by peaceful methods ,inspired by the figure of Mahatma Gandhi and the theory of civil disobedience of Henry David Thoreau . Shortly after arriving in Montgomery organized and led a massive boycott of nearly a year against segregation on city buses.
Kingwatched over the peace and civil rights, and in 1955 after Rosa Parks, black women have been wronged because he refused give up her seat to a white woman on the bus, began a campaign of "Montgomery Bus Boycott" to protest the racial segregation in public transportation.
With that he made his promise of liberation of black people.
Martin Luther King Junior’s speech (I Have a dream)
I amhappy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It cameas a joyous daybreak to end the long night of captivity.
But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of materialprosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize an appalling condition.
In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the declaration of Independence,they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negropeople a bad check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spotto remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksand of...
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