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re-imagining garden cities for the 21st century
benefits and lessons in bringing forward comprehensively planned new communities

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Re-imagining Garden Cities for the 21st Century: Benefits and Lessons in Bringing forward Comprehensively Planned New Communities © TCPA. Published July 2011 Town and Country Planning Association 17 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AS t: +44(0)20 7930 8903 www.tcpa.org.uk

The TCPA gratefully acknowledges the support and input of Land Securities. The TCPA is indebted to all those who gave their time and energy to attend workshops and give interviews to inform this report. Particular thanks are extended to those who helped with hosting the workshops from Stevenage Borough Council and Peterborough City Council and toGraeme Bell in Welwyn Garden City. Photographs courtesy of Land Securities (pp. 13 & 16), O&H Properties (p. 23), Stevenage Borough Council (pp. 11 & 27), Welwyn Garden City Heritage Trust (p.11), and Welwyn Hatfield Borough Council (p. 33).

re-imagining garden cities for the 21st century
benefits and lessons in bringing forward comprehensively planned new communities
ForewordExecutive Summary 1 Setting the scene for new comprehensively planned communities 1.1 The development of the Garden City and the New Towns programme 1.2 Learning the lessons – useful insights for today 1.3 The benefits of comprehensively planned new communities 1.4 A fresh perspective – localism, incentives and economic growth Theme 1: The new settlements experience – governance 2.1 How were people andlocal communities involved in the planning process? 2.2 People and planning – exploring new models Theme 2: The new settlements experience – the vision and the masterplan 3.1 The principles and vision behind the masterplan 3.2 Translating the vision into a masterplan 3.3 Adapting to change, and the challenges of the physical form Theme 3: The new settlements experience – implementation 4.1 Modelsof funding 4.2 Exploring new models of funding 4.3 A new partnership paradigm – relationships between the public and private sectors 4.4 Co-ordinating infrastructure delivery 4.5 Long-term management and assets Conclusions and recommendations 5.1 The legacy of Garden Cities and New Towns 5.2 Recommendations 5.3 Towards a rediscovery of our planning heritage – re-imagining Garden Cities for the21st century

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Appendix 1: Bibliography



Re-imagining Garden Cities for the 21st Century

Ebenezer Howard and the Garden City pioneers have left Britain with an impressive legacy. From the worldrenowned Letchworth and Welwyn Garden Cities through to the countless places inspired by them, both in the UK and abroad –everything from Garden Suburbs through to the post-war New Towns programme. Today, we still face the primary challenges confronted by Howard and his followers: meeting our housing shortage, generating jobs and creating beautiful and inclusive places. However, we have also the new challenges of globalised markets and the urgent need to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change. Although it isover 40 years since the last New Town was designated, the TCPA believes that new comprehensively planned sustainable communities have a powerful contribution to make to Britain’s future. They deliver housing, but also create jobs. They provide the opportunity and the economies of scale to innovate and create truly high-quality places. New communities also offer a powerful prospect to put in placenew governance structures that put people at the heart of developing new communities. This report aims to bring together the pragmatic lessons of the Garden Cities and New Towns in taking forward new, large-scale communities. It seeks to examine these lessons in the context of the Government’s planning reform agenda to give people greater power over the places in which they live, and in the...
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