Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina – Unisul
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Edible mushrooms are the fleshy and edible fruit bodies of several species of fungi. Mushrooms belong to the macrofungi, because theirfruiting structures are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. They will appear either below ground (hypogeous) or above ground (epigeous) where they may be picked by hand. Edibility may be definedby criteria that include absence of poisonous effects on humans and desirable taste and aroma.
Edible mushrooms are consumed by humans for their nutritional and occasionally supposed medicinalvalue as comestibles. Mushrooms consumed by those practicing folk medicine are known as medicinal mushrooms. While hallucinogenic mushrooms (e.g. Psilocybin mushrooms) are occasionally consumed forrecreational or religious purposes, they can produce severe nausea and disorientation, and are therefore not commonly considered edible mushrooms.
Edible mushrooms include many fungal species that areeither harvested wild or cultivated. Easily cultivatable and common wild mushrooms are often available in markets, and those that are more difficult to obtain (such as the prized truffle andmatsutake) may be collected on a smaller scale by private gatherers. Some preparations may render certain poisonous mushrooms fit for consumption.
Before assuming that any wild mushroom would edible, it...
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