|[pic] |Atividade de Avaliação a Distância |
Disciplina: Inglês Técnico
Nome do aluno: Marllen Morgana Rodriguez de Aguiar
Orientações: ▪ Procure o professor sempre que tiver dúvidas. ▪ Entregue a atividade no prazo estipulado. ▪ Esta atividade é obrigatória e fará parte da sua média final. ▪ Encaminhe a atividade via Espaço UnisulVirtual de Aprendizagem (EVA).
Leia o texto abaixo e em seguida responda as questões:
Osteoporosis ("porous bones", from Greek: οστούν/ostoun meaning "bone" and πόρος/poros meaning "pore") is a disease of bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone is altered. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a bone mineral density that is 2.5 standard deviations or more below the mean peak bone mass (average of young, healthy adults). The term "established osteoporosis" includes the presence of a fragility fracture. The disease may be classified as primary type 1, primary type 2, or secondary. The form of osteoporosis most common in women after menopause is referred to as primary type 1 or postmenopausal osteoporosis. Primary type 2 osteoporosis or senile osteoporosis occurs after age 75 and is seen in both females and males at a ratio of 2:1. Finally, secondary osteoporosis may arise at any age and affect men and women equally. This form of osteoporosis results from chronic predisposing medical problems or disease, or prolonged use of medications such as glucocorticoids, when the disease is called steroid- or glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (SIOP or GIOP).