Review Article Rational antibiotic use
Ozlem Tunger1, Yeliz Karakaya2, C. Banu Cetin1, Gonul Dinc3, Hakan Borand4
Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology,Faculty of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Nevsehir State Hospital, Nevsehir, Turkey 3 Department of PublicHealth, Faculty of Medicine, Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey 4 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Turgutlu State Hospital, Manisa, Turkey
AbstractBackground: Development of resistance to antimicrobial agents and increase of cost as the result of unnecessary and inappropriate use of antibiotics has become a global health problem.Therefore many strategies, which are aimed at optimizing antibiotic therapy, have been developed until now. In Turkey, an antibiotic restriction policy as a governmental solution was appliedto decrease the antibiotic use and especially costs by Ministry of Health in 2003. The aim of this study is to evaluate the rational antibiotic use and the impact of the implementationof new restriction policy, with their reinforcement by infectious disease specialist, on the hospital wide use of antibiotics. Methodology: The data of the inpatients receivedantibiotics (n=495) during January-June 2006 were compared with our previous study performed by the same methodology before the restriction policy in 1998. In both studies, prospective activedaily surveillance of patients was performed by three infectious disease specialists. The appropriateness of antibiotic therapy was determined using the criteria described by Kunin andJones. The data were analyzed by using SPSS for Windows. Results: While the rate of antibiotic use decreased from 16.6% to 11.3%, rational use increased after the restriction policy (p
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