The Function of Pablo in Hesse's "Steppenwolf" Author(s): Heidi M. Rockwood Source: South Atlantic Review, Vol. 59, No. 4 (Nov., 1994), pp. 47-61 Published by: South Atlantic Modern Language Association Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3201358 . Accessed: 19/04/2013 06:41
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TheFunction Pablo of inHesse's Steppenwolf
HEIDI M. ROCKWOOD1921 HermannHesse wentseveral timesfor sessions withCarl Gustav as well as one of psychoanalytical Jung the B. that students, analystJ. Lang.'We haveampletestimony Jung's notwithout reservations abouttherelationship beHesse, though tween and found thesemeetings and psychoanalysis art, interesting the and He the Jungian theory helpful fascinating. incorporated latter in several works suchas DemianandSteppenwolf psychological and that in interpretations lookfor patterns incorporated Jungian theory are therefore established. faras well As is concerned, Steppenwolf Schwarzeven calls it "ein mitHilfe derJungschen Psychoanalyse inszeniertes 'A treatise created withthehelpof Lehrsttick" didactic of here and (138; translations quotations, Jungian psychoanalysis' are throughout, mine). However,onlyin the case of Demianhave thesepsychological consistent helpful and To interpretations yielded readings. illustrate bothwhata consistent is likeand to be psychological interpretation able to demonstrate on whatdifficulties whenSteppenwolf later arise is subjected a psychological to I will give a synopsis of reading, research on Demian. opinions the seen Briefly speaking, "psychological patterns" inDemianemof individuation. Individuation a structured is bodyJung's concept a an and process which human by being, especially insecure disturbed to fulfillment inner and one,attempts achieve greater personal peace "individuation""selfhood." or or,inJungian calls terms, Breugelmans
FROM 1916 TO
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Heidi Rockwood M.
Demianan "exemplum theJungian of in individuation process all its basiccharacteristics accessory and features" The protagonist of (29). an the novel,Emil Sinclair, outwardly and happybut protected rather insecure is child, confronted suddenly negainwardly by quite tive and frightening, criminal, even Jungcalls this the impulses. unconof of anemergence the"shadow," archetype the collective of All are manifestationsunconscious scious. archetypes "involuntary is 153), and Emil's shadowarchetype Archetypes (Jung, processes" an Kromer. Unless individual Franz hischildhood enemy by personified and oversuchan archetype thetendencies personified gainscontrol on However, progress thepathtoindividuation. byit,heorshecannot after Emil, withMaxDemian'shelp,has done so, he is readyto to whichappears himin the a encounter secondarchetype, "anima," Beatrice later as FrauEva. The anima of theform theelusive on, and, a the by self-knowledge acquainting manwith points wayto greater a valuesofhisunconscious. the"feminine" Help can also comefrom or suchas the"magus," wise old less commonly archetype, present in that to man;Pistorius somedegree...