Urban viaducts

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Thinking about urban viaduct areas and their use as housing in Brazilian cities
Alfio Conti and Margarete Maria Araujo Silva
Architect and Urbanist, Master in Architecture Escola de Arquitetura da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – EAUFMG, Professor at Department of Architecture and Urbanism of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais – DAU/PUCMinas Marco Antonio Souza Borges Netto,Lawyer, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais – PUCMinas, consulting. Margarete Maria Araujo Silva, Architect, master in Civil and Urban Engineering – Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo – EPUSP, Professor at Department of Architecture and Urbanism of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais – DAU/PUCMinas Address: Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais–PUC Minas Department of Architecture and Urbanism – DAU Escritório de Integração - EI Av. Dom José Gaspar, 500 – Building n°3 30535-610 – Belo Horizonte – Minas Gerais e-mail: integra@pucminas.br alfioconti@hotmail.com Keywords: housing policy, viaduct, informality, homeless 1 ABSTRACT This text is based on the fact that the viaduct areas constitute nowadays the shelter and the income source of oneparcel of the urban population of great Brazilian cities. It is intended, at first, to trace a picture of habitation situation in contemporary Brazil, regarding matters related to local production and its reach. Next, through an investigation about the characteristics of local habitation demand and its impacts over urban, it is intended to approach a very important aspect that hasn’t been deeplyresearched, which is the destination to be given to these people, considering the incapability of the government to reduce the rural-to-urban migration and the process

of social and economic exclusion, mainly in the urban area occupied by the poorer people, under the viaducts. Having some experiences nurtured for over an year of work as starters, such as those along the homeless communities,developed by the Office of Integration of the Department of Architecture and Urbanism of the Pontifical University Catholic of Minas Gerais - PUC Minas, the Pastoral de Rua of the Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte, and Program Reproductive POLOS of Citizenship of the Law school of the Federal University of Minas Gerais - UFMG; the article intends to evaluate the possibilities to consolidate theoccupation of these populations in the areas of viaducts in a sustainable way, in order to diminish the social exclusion and make it as a possible income source. The objective of the article is to show the social, economic and legal viability of the inclusion of this population in the areas of viaducts and that this achievement could be a real. Therefore, we will demonstrate the ways and the strategiesthat are able to consolidate the new ways of use of these areas, including among them, the habitational use. t last, it is pointed that restrictions of ideological and cultural character weigh much more than the economic and technological ones. 2 INTRODUCTION TO THE SUBJECT Ever since it can be said of an urbanization process in Brazil – as in Milton Santo’s acceptation – the Brazilian city has beenlabeled by an extreme and uneven distribution of urban benefits. Recently, the false shortage of urbanized areas and buildings, that was generated, on one hand by the real state agencies mechanisms of speculation and, in the other hand by the ineffectual – or confirmed nonexistence, as Flávio Vilaça indicates – of urban planning, has been pointed out as one of the causes of the exclusion of themajority of the population in what concerns the rights to habitation and the city. Disoccupied or underused urban areas and buildings are, today, the unveiled face of the infrastructure and habitation deficit in our cities. Therefore, it is about considering that the effort, here, should also reflect the knowledge of the potential of the installed capability in the city and the development of...