Treaty of Versailles
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This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of 28 June 1919, at the end of World WarI. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation).
Treaty of Versailles |
Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany |
Cover of the English version |Signed | 28 June 1919 |
Location | Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France |
Effective | 10 January 1920 |
Condition | Ratification by Germany and three Principal Allied Powers. |
Signatories| Central Powers German ReichAllied Powers
United StatesOthers[show] |
Depositary | French Government |
Languages | French, English |
Treaty ofVersailles at Wikisource |
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The Treaty of Versailles (French: le Traité de Versailles) was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state ofwar between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealtwith in separate treaties. Although thearmistice signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peacetreaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919, and was printed in The League of Nations Treaty Series.
Of the many provisions in the treaty, one of themost important and controversial required Germany to accept responsibility for causing the war (along with Austria and Hungary, according to the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and the Treaty ofTrianon, respectively) and, under the terms of articles 231–248 (later known as the War Guilt clauses), to disarm, make substantial territorial concessions and pay heavy reparations to certain countries...