The science behind lumosity

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THE SCIENCE BEHIND LUMOSITY
Joseph Hardy, PhD
Michael Scanlon

November, 2009

www.lumosity.com

Table of Contents
Executive Summary....................................................................................................................................... 3
The Incredible Changing Brain...................................................................................................................... 4
Behavior changes the brain ...................................................................................................................... 4
Training can improve cognitive outcomes ................................................................................................ 5
The Lumosity Scientific Framework.............................................................................................................. 7
What makes effective brain training?....................................................................................................... 8
The Lumosity Product ................................................................................................................................. 10
Games..................................................................................................................................................... 10
Courses .................................................................................................................................................... 12
Assessments............................................................................................................................................ 12
Supporting materials............................................................................................................................... 12
Complementary products........................................................................................................................ 13
Scientific Research withLumosity............................................................................................................... 13
Completed research ................................................................................................................................ 13
Ongoing research .................................................................................................................................... 18Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................... 19
References .................................................................................................................................................. 20

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Executive Summary
Until quite recently, most neuroscientists andpsychologists believed that core aspects of cognitive
processing were essentially fixed from a young age, with little or no room for improvement. Capacities
like memory, attention, and sensory processing were thought to be largely determined after a relatively
brief period of early development. In this worldview, those endowed with strong cognitive capacities
through genetics and earlydevelopment were destined to operate at a high level throughout much of
their lives. Those not so fortunately endowed were out of luck.
The emerging science of the brain is dramatically changing the way we view these issues. We now
understand that, with the right kind of stimulation and activity, the brain can dramatically change and
remodel itself to become more efficient and effective in processinginformation, paying attention,
remembering, thinking creatively, and solving novel problems.
Lumos Labs has used this cutting edge science to create a set of web-based software tools that
empower people to exercise their brains and achieve their maximum performance. The assessments,
games, and training courses on the Lumosity website (www.lumosity.com) are based on real science and
are...
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