The problem of segmentation in the labor of construction industry in brazil and quality, health and safety practices at work

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Abstract –This study observe that the handcraft man who works in construction of buildings - specifically in the sub-sector at the city of Rio de Janeiro, acts fractionated (not full) losing the sense of body, contrary to its own existence as a system. Is the segmentation of the technique in all stages of a work production, the handcraft worker learns and perform part of their tasks through atraditional model of experiential learning, giving to others professionals the task of complement them, as they do not been intrinsic parts of all. This segmentation, partially undermines the paradigm of division of labor of the North American engineer Frederick W. Taylor, and has been one of the important factors that guide the causes of accidents and diseases at work, with consequences for the lowquality of products and the environment (QSEH).

Keywords: Segmentation of the Work; Construction; QSEH.


I. INTRODUCTION

The industry of construction in Brazil, as well as other sectors of the Brazilian economy, is undergoing a significant process of productive restructuring in recent years.
The handcraft workers in these industries have a little technical evolution, in the way theyorganize, produce and learn the craft, regardless of company size or form of binding that has this handcraft worker.
Beyond the characteristics and traditional forms of production of the industry of construction, and by the necessity of these workers has been absorbed in a shorter period, with the minimum quality required, this sector has adopted the Taylorist model, subdividing the professionalactivities - traditionally performed by those who knew the techniques of production of almost all stages of a work.
This natural division of the work steps, and a lack of sufficient constructions to absorb these workers favored the high turnover, of the handcraft workers making it almost disposable and generating disinterest on the part of the employer and the worker himself, for investments intraining and professional qualification.
According to Grandi (1985), turnover of handcraft worker does not result from a single factor but binds to factors ranging from the selection process of these handcraft worker to the insertion of the sector in the economy. This fact originated the creation of specialized firms (outsourcing).
In Brazil, the adopted outsourcing concept from 1950, had itsmomentum only in the 1990s (Silveira, 2008). According to DIEESE’s Technical Report from March (2007), the process of outsourcing the production in Brazil, and in almost all capitalist countries, was developed as part of the productive rearrangement and initiated in the 1970s with the third Industrial Revolution.
The objective of this paper is to present an analysis of problems related from thissegmentation of the labor in the construction industry in Brazil related of the quality, health and safety practices at work. The methodology adopted for the development of this study was a literature research on the subject in question, which supported the formation and deepening of opinion, from one of the author’s of this article. There was also the record of the traditional production methods inthe construction industry, highlighting a phase of the handcraft work (formwork for reinforced concrete structure) that is, with the relevant security level, and is a typical step of the production processes that set faithfully the reality of the productive sector.
It is hoped that this work provides direct gains for all workers and, consequently, for companies and society as a whole, since itwill provide a reflection on the current model of production - which causes loss in Quality, Safety, Environment and Health -QSEH.


II. METHODOLOGY

Management of the production in the construction industry in Brazil and quality, health and safety practices at work.
The organizations have characteristics of open systems, ie, as social systems that are influenced and influence in the...
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