THH. 101/ Dario Del Degan
February 15th, 2013.
Greek Theatre x Roman Theatre
Unlike the Greeks, the Romans were not focused on the arts, they began asfarmers, surrounded by seven hills of Rome, and have always been suspicious of
people from other places. There was no tradition of folk tales, and the theater had nolocal roots to develop. In the period before the great expansion of imperial Rome, the
southern half of the peninsula was called Magna Graecia, because it is still dominatedby the Greeks and their culture. Around 250 BC, Roman m smart theater decided to
show the Romans and set up on a makeshift stage, a tragedy and a comedy, having
witnessed the Magna Greece and translated into Latin. Only then, and well to the wells,the theater became part of life in Rome.
The Roman society was much more hierarchical than in Athens, and even when
by the fourth century BC the republic was created, everything was still very dividedbetween "patrician" and "plebeian" and it was only with great difficulty that the latter
were able to have some political importance. With all this, the Roman authorities did notlike the people that people think much about serious subjects, and therefore the tragedy
could not be accepted. The Roman government was afraid of the popularity of thetheater, and thus only the parts were delivered on makeshift wooden stage, during
various festivals. Only in the year 55 BC was the first permanent theater built of stone, in
Rome, but still had to be half hidden. As Rome grew more important and the Empire grew, new theaters were showing
up, copied the Greeks, but a little different: instead of enjoying and mountain slopes, theRomans built huge walls into the stands. Moreover, one central arena, circular, was cut
in half from being only; choir disappeared, and who was at the halfmoon central and
important people were the "authorities"....