Tabela periodica

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Group 1 IA 1 2S1/2
1
Hydrogen
1.00794 1s 13.5984

Atomic Properties of the Elements
2 IIA
For the most accurate values of these and other constants, visit physics.nist.gov/constants 1 second = 9 192 631 770 periods of radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of 133Cs -1 speed of light in vacuum c 299 792 458 m s (exact) -34 Planckconstant h 6.6261 × 10 J s ( /2 ) -19 elementary charge e 1.6022 × 10 C -31 electron mass me 9.1094 × 10 kg 2 0.5110 MeV me c -27 proton mass mp 1.6726 × 10 kg fine-structure constant 1/137.036 -1 Rydberg constant R 10 973 732 m 15 R c 3.289 842 × 10 Hz R hc 13.6057 eV -23 -1 Boltzmann constant k 1.3807 × 10 J K

P E R I O D I C

T A B L E

H
2

Frequently used fundamental physical constantsPhysics Laboratory
physics.nist.gov

Standard Reference Data Group
www.nist.gov/srd

2

18 VIIIA

He
Helium
1

1

S0

3 2

Lithium
6.941 2 1s 2s 5.3917
2

Li

S1/2

4

11 3

Na
Sodium

S1/2

12

9.012182 2 2 1s 2s 9.3227

Beryllium

Be
1

1

S0

Solids Liquids Gases Artificially Prepared

5

13 IIIA
2

Period

19 4

22.989770 [Ne]3s 5.1391

Magnesium
24.3050 2 [Ne] 3s 7.6462

Mg Ca
40.078 2 [Ar] 4s 6.1132
1

S0

13

10.811 2 2 1s 2s 2p 8.2980

Boron

B
2

P° 1/2

6

14 IVA

Potassium
39.0983 [Ar] 4s 4.3407

K
2

2

S1/2

20

S0

26.981538 28.0855 30.973761 32.065 35.453 39.948 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 2 5 2 6 2 4 2 2 2 2 3 [Ne]3s 3p [Ne]3s 3p [Ne]3s 3p [Ne]3s 3p [Ne]3s 3p [Ne]3s 3pIIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB VIII IB IIB 5.9858 8.1517 10.4867 10.3600 12.9676 15.7596 ° ° ° 21 2D3/2 22 3F2 23 4F3/2 24 7S3 25 6S5/2 26 5D4 27 4F9/2 28 3F4 29 2S1/2 30 1S0 31 2P1/2 32 3P0 33 4S3/2 34 3P2 35 2P3/2 36 1S0

Aluminum

Al

P1/2 °

14

12.0107 2 2 2 1s 2s 2p 11.2603

Carbon

C

3

P0

7

15 VA
4

Silicon

Si

3

P0

15

14.0067 2 2 3 1s 2s 2p 14.5341Nitrogen

N P
4

° S3/2

8

16 VIA

° S3/2

16

15.9994 2 2 4 1s 2s 2p 13.6181

Oxygen

O S

3

P2

9

17 VIIA

3

P2

17

18.9984032 2 2 5 1s 2s 2p 17.4228

Fluorine

F

2

P3/2 °

10

4.002602 2 1s 24.5874

Ne
Neon

S0

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Chlorine

Cl

2

° P3/2

18

20.1797 2 2 6 1s 2s 2p 21.5645

Ar
Argon

1

S0

Calcium37 5

Rubidium
85.4678 [Kr] 5s 4.1771

Rb Cs
Cesium
[Xe] 6s 3.8939
2

S1/2

38

Strontium
87.62 2 [Kr] 5s 5.6949

Sr

1

S0

39

44.955910 2 [Ar]3d 4s 6.5615

Scandium

Sc Y
2

D3/2

40

47.867 2 2 [Ar]3d 4s 6.8281

Titanium

Ti

Vanadium
50.9415 3 2 [Ar]3d 4s 6.7462

V
6

Chromium
51.9961 5 [Ar]3d 4s 6.7665
7

Cr

Manganese
[Ar]3d 4s7.4340
5 2

Mn Tc
6 6

Fe
Iron

Co
Cobalt

Ni
Nickel

Cu
Copper

Zn
Zinc
1

Ga
Gallium

54.938049

55 6

S1/2

56

88.90585 2 [Kr]4d 5s 6.2173

Yttrium

Zirconium
91.224 2 2 [Kr]4d 5s 6.6339

Zr

3

F2

41

Nb
Niobium

D1/2

42

Ba
Barium

1

S0

72

132.90545

87 7

Francium
(223) [Rn] 7s 4.0727

Fr

2

S1/2

88

137.327 2[Xe] 6s 5.2117

Ra
Radium
(226) 2 [Rn] 7s 5.2784

1

S0

104

178.49 180.9479 183.84 186.207 190.23 192.217 195.078 196.96655 200.59 14 2 2 14 6 2 14 5 2 14 3 2 14 10 2 14 7 2 14 10 14 9 14 4 2 [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s [Xe]4f 5d 6s 6.8251 7.5496 7.8640 7.8335 8.4382 8.9670 8.9588 9.2255 10.4375

HafniumHf Rf
3

3

F2

73

92.90638 4 [Kr]4d 5s 6.7589

Molybdenum
95.94 5 [Kr]4d 5s 7.0924

Mo W
5

S3

43

S5/2

44

55.845 6 2 [Ar]3d 4s 7.9024

Technetium
(98) 5 2 [Kr]4d 5s 7.28

Ruthenium
101.07
7

Ru
5

5

F5

45

58.933200 7 2 [Ar]3d 4s 7.8810

102.90550 [Kr]4d 5s 7.4589
8

Rhodium

Rh Ir
4

4

F9/2

46

58.6934 8 2 [Ar]3d 4s 7.6398...
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