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Sustainability Basics

Definitions – Three “Rs”
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle - the basis for sustainability ►Reduce - reduction in the use of resources by providing energy efficient systems and water conservation measures ►Reuse - the reuse of resources such as renovating an old building as opposed to tearing them down to build another decreases resource demand ►Recycling – use of recycledmaterials decreases new resource demand and keeps resources out of landfills

Definitions of Sustainability
The capacity to equitably meet the vital human needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs by preserving and protecting the ecosystems and natural resources.


Definitions of Sustainability
National Academy of Sciencesees 1979 as the year of the earth’s “tipping point” – that is, the year when the consumption of natural resources exceeded the earth’s ability to replenish them. While there is a multiplicity of collective and individual solutions, a culture of sustainability offers significant hope that humanity can take action to address its overuse of resources


Sustainable Cannon BeachAn outline for a Sustainable City

Sustainable Thinking
► ► ► ► ► ► ► Think outside the box Have a beginners mind Explore new ideas and grow old ideas Expand and enhance existing programs and sustainable practices Utilize category thinking (or systems thinking) – pick a category to go green in and focus on that one category until you are complete and then move on to the next.Become familiar with concepts but adjust the recipe to meet your needs Consider ordinances for new construction, new development and businesses


Sustainability Community Basics
► Sustainable Energy Use ► Sustainable Transportation ► Sustainable Infrastructure ► Sustainable Economics ► Sustainable Natural Resources ► Sustainable Solid Waste Management

SustainableEnergy Use
► Street and Site Lighting
 Minimize light pollution  Conserve energy
• Consider solar lighting • Consider lighting controls

► Vehicles
 City operations – use energy efficient or alternative energy vehicles  Provide and encourage public transportation

► Facilities
 Blue Sky Renewable Energy Program (Wind power)

Building Facts
Buildings account for:
►36% of the total energy use in the U.S. ► 65% of the electricity consumed in the U.S.


Building Facts
Buildings generate: ►30% of the greenhouse gas emitted in the U.S. ►39% of landfilled waste in the U.S.
 95% of which is recyclable


Building Facts
Buildings use:
► 12% of the potable water withdrawn in the U.S.
 15 trillion gallons / year

► 30% ofall raw materials, including ► 25% of timber harvests


Sustainable Transportation
► Parking
 Provide parking that is strategically located to encourage walking

► Vehicles
 Use energy efficient or alternative energy vehicles for City business

► Trails
 Provide access through town and into natural areas

► Bicycle Access
 Maximize bicycle access through town Minimize potential vehicular conflict

Sustainable Infrastructure
 Minimize pervious surfaces  Treat stormwater and monitor water quality  Maintain roadway catch basins  Encourage private property owners to maintain catch basins that trap oil  Revegetate with natives  Use strong erosion control and require same of private properties

►Wastewater Treatment Facility
 Water quality monitoring  Natural resource benefit (bird viewing opportunities – Oregon Birding Trail)  Reclaim unused land area


Sustainable Infrastructure
►Water System
 Practice water conservation and encourage in private residence and businesses  Protect water supply (watershed)  Monitor water quality

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