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Dermatoglyphic Profile of the Strength Physical Quality of Brazilian Paralympic Powerlifters

Helena A Figueira PhD1,2 , Tania S Giani PhD1,2,, Rudy J Nodari Junior PhD2,3, Rogério F Ferreira MSc4, Cleithon Rover Esp3, Estelio HM Dantas PhD1,2,3
1REMH, Euroamerican Net of Human Kinetics, Rua André Rocha 3215, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
2LABIMH/UniRio, Laboratory of Biomedical Human Kinetics /Rio de Janeiro State University -UniRio, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 290, Urca, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
3UNOESC, West of Santa Catarina University, Rua José Firmo Bernardi 1591, Joaçaba, SC, Brazil.
4UCB, Castelo Branco University, Av. Salvador Allende 6700, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

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The objective of this study is to identify dermathoglyphiccharacteristics and the physical quality force in high performance para-athletes in the category supine powerlifting. This study used a sample of 10 athletes age between18 and 40 years old, male gender, qualified as the bests in Brazilian Regional Games. The sample was randomicaly distributed in: group 1 (GR1, n=4), group 2 (GR2, n=4) and group 3 (GR3, n=2). To determine the strength potential the 1RMtest was chosen, and to identify the genetic profile, through the fingerprints, with a dermathoglyphic analyses it was adopted the Cummins & Midlo method, collected via paper and ink. Data presented no homogeneity between the groups. The GR1 presented higher genetic pre-disposition and better results on the strenghten physical quality. That suggests dermatoglyphic as an important tool to identifyand guide athletes according to their genetic potential.

Key-words: dermathoglyphics, powerlifting, para-athlete

I. Introduction
Strength training is not a modern invention. A 5000 years old Chinese text tells of prospective soldiers having to pass lifting tests. Egyptian tombs as well as ancient Greek sculptures also show these activities that begun as survival tactic and evolved as physicalexercise. Human strength potential is a topic pondered throughout history being base for the ancient Greeks Olympic games. Powerlifting was encouraged by emperors in China, instructors in Greece, was found in Indian culture as well as Persian and flooded the ancient world [1]. Milo of Crotona introduced weighted implements by the fifth century B.C. and Galen described strength training exercisesusing the halters in the 2nd century [2]. It became popular in the 19th century [3] in Europe [4] and in the 20th century it’s risks and proper use are discussed regarding the inclusion of powerlifting movements in the training programs of athletes [5].
Individuals with disabilities have always been present in society, but for various reasons they have become more visible in the 21swt century, andathletes with disabilities, that have participated for at least a hundred years are just now beginning to receive recognition, as the intersection of sport and disability into disability sport occurred initially during the 20th century [6]. During the last 50 years, Paralympics sports have experienced change of the vision, development of the organization, and formation of its culture [7].Powerlifting started in the Paralympics games at the end of the 20th century whereas including individuals with disabilities (impairments) on competitive sport is a movement toward inclusion and acceptance in society. There is a growing interest in sports medicine, sports science and human performance [8]. As a sportive practice the paralympics powerlifting is revealing to be efficient, summing up in itspraxis, a set of efficient technical, tactical and motor actions that drive its practitioners toward social, physical, motor and psychological development.
Dermatoglyphics (in Greek, derma = skin and glyphos = engrave) is the scientific study of finger prints introduced by Cummins [9], aiming to acquire information on the genetic potential of the individual through his finger prints analysis...
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