Racismo e hinofobia

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Xenophobia (Greek ξένος, translit. Xenos: "Alien" and φόβος, translit. Phobos "fear." [1]) is the irrational fear of, aversion or the deep antipathy towards foreigners, [2] in mistrust relation to persons outside the midst of the judges or who come from outside your country. Xenophobia can manifest itself in many ways involving the relations and perceptions of ingroup or outgroup relative toingroup or outgroup, including a fear of losing identity, suspicion about its activities, aggression and desire to eliminate its presence to ensure a presumed purity. [3]

Xenophobia may target not only people from other countries, but other cultures, subcultures or belief systems. Fear of the unknown can be masked in the individual as aversion or hatred, creating prejudices. Note, however, that notall prejudice is caused by xenophobia.





Index
[Hide] 1 Xenophobia and prejudice
2 Xenophobia disease as 2.1 Treatment

3 countries Xenophobia
4 See also
5 References


[Edit] Xenophobia and prejudice

The word xenophobia is commonly associated with aversion to other races and cultures. It is also associated with phobia towards people or different groups, with whom theindividual has a phobia usually does not contact or avoids doing so.

Xenophobic attitudes range from preventing immigration of foreigners or people belonging to different cultures and ethnicities, deemed threat to the defense of the extermination of these groups. For this reason xenophobia tends to be normally associated with ethnic prejudices or linked to nationality. Pejorative stereotypes ofminority groups (eg, "Asians are dirty", "Muslims are violent", "blacks are less intelligent," "Northern Europeans are superior to southern Europeans," "Anglo-Saxon peoples are superior to Latinos , "etc.). conflicts and beliefs of an individual can lead to hatred. [4] [5] [6]

[Edit] Xenophobia as disease

In narrower sense, xenophobia is excessive fear of the unknown and uncontrolled. In thissense, it is a disease and is part of the group of phobic disorders, characterized by clinically significant anxiety provoked by exposure to a feared situation or object (in this case, people or situations unrelated to the patient). People who have this terror persistent, irrational, excessive and recognized as such, tend to avoid contact with outsiders since this situation causes them extremedistress, anxiety, increased blood pressure and heart rate. In more severe cases may even motivate a panic attack. The avoidance, anxious anticipation or uneasiness regarding the feared situation interferes significantly with the person's normal routine, occupational exercise, relationships and social activities.

[Edit] Treatment

For the treatment of xenophobia are commonly used methods ofbehavioral therapy. The principle of this therapy with respect to phobias, is the exposure to the phobic object or situation. In the particular case of xenophobia, be patient exposure to strange situations that trigger your phobia. Thus, the subject will find that this terrifying situation, poses no danger or threat as he imagined. Therefore, the subject must learn certain techniques to deal with anxietyor anguish he feels towards the encounter with strangers. All behavioral methods, systematic desensitization appears to be the best results in the treatment of xenophobia, once the exposure condition or phobic object is gradual.

The systematic desensitization technique was developed between 1952 and 1958 by Joseph Wolpe, a psychiatrist South African advocate of behavioral therapy. The patientduring a state of physical relaxation, will imagine a hierarchy of situations that cause anxiety in order to become familiar with them and at the same time, in order to reduce the responses anxious. In some severe cases it is usual the administration of drugs which have as their primary objective the reduction of extreme anxiety, since this prevents therapy sessions are carried out efficiently....
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